Canada is a country in North America with 10 provinces and 3 territories. The provinces are British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador . The territories are the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
Capitals of the provinces and territories are listed below:
Province or Territory Capital City
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
With 3.855 million square miles, Canada has the second most area in the world next to Russia. The United States has 3.794 million square miles. The land in Canada covers seven time zones. The territory known as Nunavut has the most square miles, followed by Quebec, Northwest Territories and, Ontario.
Canada is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Arctic Ocean and Labrador Sea on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. Canada mostly borders the United States to the north. However, Alaska, one of the fifty states in the United States is North of some parts of Canada, and certain parts of Michigan are father north than Canada. Canada is also bordered by Greenland to the northeast and the French islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon to the east.
Canada’s highest point is Mount Logan in the Yukon Territory at 19,551 feet. Canada’s lowest point is the bottom of Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories at -1,503 feet. This is also the lowest fresh water point in all of North America. Canada has over 30,000 lakes and is known across the world for its great fishing and hunting. It is also known for its good skiing in Banff/Lake Louise, British Columbia.
Canada has seven climate zones. The temperature and precipitation varies based upon how close the area is to a large body of water, what the altitude is and what the latitude is. For example, the Great Lakes cause the southern part of Ontario to enjoy warm, humid summers and short, cold winters. The mountains in the interiors of British Columbia and the Yukon Territory have ice glaciers on the mountaintops and deserts in the valleys. The prairies in the middle of the country have extremes of cold temperatures and hot, dry summers. The northern Arctic areas have intense dry and cold conditions. The largest zone is called “Subartic”, and has short, cool summer, and long, cold winters. Southern Canada is called “temperate”, which means is has four seasons.
Generally, Canada is known as one of the coldest countries in the world. Almost all of Canada is covered in snow by late December. Spring in Canada varies across the country, but you can generally expect the weather to get warmer in April. Canadian summers bring heat to...