Canada: A Result Of The Revolutionary War

2560 words - 11 pages

The American Revolution was the poignant turn to the freedom of the American Colonies. With America being able to defeat British, it gave their mother country the realization a new nation and broke the control they had over. Although it is clear that American Revolution created the nation of American, it can argued that it also created the nation up north; Canada. The Revolutionary War not only resulted in the nation of America but the nation of Canada as well.
The American Revolution and Nova Scotia Reconsidered by George A. Rawlyk discuss the impact the American Revolution had on Nova Scotia. Due to the Seven Years’ War, there were many settlements in the Bay of Fundy. Most settlers were from New England. The settlements were due to the fertile land left by the Acadians after their exile in 1755.
Although most of the inhabitants of Nova Scotia were New Englanders, they refused to join the Thirteen Colonies in 1775 and 1776 in an attempt to break connections with the British. They did not want to break the precedence the British left; they would instead trail a policy of neutrality. Ironically, it was the same neutrality in which the Acadians believed in; the same one the New Englanders looked down upon in the first place. With the settlement of the New Englanders in Nova Scotia, one question was meant to be answered: Why did Nova Scotia not join the Thirteen Colonies in attempt to break ties with the British in 1775 and 1776? The article discusses three theories that were created to answer the question.
The first theory explains how the Halifax merchants were the reason for Nova Scotia keeping their loyalty to the Crown. The merchants believed that if they stayed loyal to Britain, they would have opportunities in trading in the Caribbean’s. The merchants also believed that they would gain more than they would lose if sustaining political and economic ties with Britain. The theory was proven to be flawed due to the fact that the population of Halifax in 1775 was merely 1800. Although their ties were strong, it was not strong enough to impose authority within Nova Scotia.
The second theory, brought up by W.B. Keer, argued that ever since 1765, “it was inevitable that Nova Scotia would remain loyal to George III.” Because the New Englanders were not patriotic, they had no interest in the Revolutionary War. What he failed to realize is that the impact of the isolation of Nova Scotians settlers and the British control was weakening.
The third theory was analyzed in J.B, Brebner’s work, The Neutral Yankees of Nova Scotia. He states that the movement failed in Nova Scotia because “the sympathizers with the rebellion among the outlying populace could make no headway because their friends in the rebellious Colonies had no navy and because they themselves could not assemble from the scattered settlements an effective force for unassisted revolt.” Brebner states that the reason why Nova Scotia did not join the Thirteen Colonies was because they...

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