CANADA - OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The Canadian identity has always been difficult to define. We, as Canadians, have continued to define
ourselves by reference to what we are not - American - rather than in terms of our own national history and
tradition. This is ironic since the United States is continuing to be allowed by Canadians to take over our economy
and literally buy our country. Culturally Canada has its own distinct government and institutions which differ and
are better from those in the United States, but economically the country has been all but sold out to America. The
major cultural differences to be examined are that of Canada's strong government, institutions such as welfare and
universal healthcare, and our profound respect for law and authority. These establishments make Canada a
separate nation from the USA. Economically, it will be examined how Canada has become a victim to
Americanization through the purchase of Canada with our own money, the shocking statistics of Canada's foreign
ownership, and the final payment for our country, free trade. All in all we have our own government, our own
flag, our own anthem; but are we really Canadian or a not quite United State of America?
In Canada, strong government involvement plays an immense role in determining the destiny of its
people for the good of the society.
In Canada you are reminded of the government every day. It parades before you. It is
not content to be the servant, but will be the master...
Henry David Thoreau, 18861
Although slightly outdated, as of 1982 47.3 percent of Canada's GNP was in government hands, compared with
38% in the United States. Government spending in Canada was 24.4% greater than in the U.S. and if you subtract
the U.S.'s excessive national defense spending, the gap between the two countries considerable widens.2 The
United States has adopted a more Freudian "survival of the fittest" concept towards government where the rights of
the individual are predominant and industry is publicly owned and run with little help from the government.
Although there is some government control and ownership of industry in both countries it is much more common
in Canada where "the state has always dominated and shaped the ... economy."3
Of 400 top industrial firms, 25 were controlled by federal or provincial governments.
Of the top 50 industrialists, all ranked by sales, 7 were either wholly owned or
controlled by the federal or provincial governments. For financial institutions, 9 of
the top 25 were federally or provincially owned or controlled ....4
Also, Canadian subsidies to business and employment in public enterprise were five times the level in the U.S.
Government involvement is a crutial part of the distinctness of our Canadian identity.
Similar variations occur with respect to Canada's welfare policies. They...