Canada’s Values Essay

2438 words - 10 pages

The country that we have come to call Canada has been created through the unity of several
nations and different cultures. Canada values diversity and multiculturalism, unity, freedom and
independence. Canada did not hold all these values from the beginning but it gained all of these
values through time, by learning from its past mistakes and also because of its desires of
becoming independent and several major events that took place in Canadian history.

Canada’s values come from its struggle for independence from Britain, a path to nationhood,
being independent from the United States and the co-operation between the English, French
and Native Canadians and immigrants. Canada, being a colony of Britain since the defeat of the
French empire in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, tried to gain more and more freedom
from its mother country, Great Britain, and to gain its own constitution and laws and be able to
decide its own future. Although Canada wanted independence from Britain, it also did not want
to become too dependent on the United States. Also the co-operation between the Canadian
people, either English or French or any other group, have defined the Canadian values that we
see today.

One of the core values of Canada is diversity. Canada has very diverse cultures that have
been living together on its soil for many years. Since the defeat of the French in the battle of
the Plains of Abraham, the French Canadians felt defeated, and believed that the English
Canadians would soon consume their culture and for this, they always held on to their culture
and norms and maintained their diversity. In 1774, the Quebec Act was brought in and allowed
the French Canadians to maintain their language and also their religion, showing that Canada is
starting to value the diverse cultures. In 1870, when the Manitoba Act was brought in, it
allowed the government funding of Catholic (French) schools however Sir Laurier brought in the
Sunny Ways compromise stating that funding will only be made where French Canadian
population is high enough and this was a great way for both English and French Canadians to
maintain their cultures and hold their diversity. The French Canadians usually had different
political opinions from the English Canadians as can be seen during the Boer war. In 1899, the
Boers rebelled against Great Britain. Great Britain sought greater control when gold was
discovered in South Africa and decided to fight the Boers. Great Britain called for Canada’s help
however, there were two different opinions on whether to send troops to fight for Britain or
not. The English Canadians mostly wanted to participate in this war and to fight for Britain and
the French Canadians, seeing Britain’s Imperialism being harmful for their for the country’s own
good, sympathized with the Boers and did not want to participate in Britain’s war. This shows
how diversity was present at that...

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