Canadian Peacekeeping Missions Essay

1621 words - 6 pages

In the early years of Canada before Confederation Canada had been defended by the British Army, and some units known as the Canadian Militia. After a few years new units were created to defend Canada such as the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, the Royal Canadian Dragoons. These troops participated in many missions to protect Canada, one of them would be the North West Rebellion for Confederation in 1885 in which Canada fought against Saskatchewan to bring peace, and secure the province. In this battle 58 soldiers lost their life, 98 got wounded, and 26 were capture. For World at War 1 all this militias came together to create the Canadian Expeditionary force, this force was mostly full of volunteers there we around 619,646 soldiers in the force at that time in which they fought many battles during World at War 1. One of the most famous one is Vimy Ridge, at Vimy Ridge all the allied forces could not get through since the ridge Germany had a an advantage in a high location in which their army was placed. Canada as a young nation no one believed that Canada would get passed it. But on April 12, 1917 Canadian Soldiers had full control over the ridge, but this had not been achieve easily it cost the life of 10,602 Canadians. For World at War 2 in the 1940s The Canadian Militia was renamed to the Canadian Army. This new army was formed as part of NATO which is in charge of the protection of all North America. Canada also fought many battles in World at War 2 to free, and protect the liberty of other countries, and people specially the Jewish community. Since then Canada knew the great power they have to help people in need at the end of World War 2 In 1939, 20 Years later in 1956 Canada became part of the United Nations.

The first mission that Canada participated was in 1956 when Canada joined the United Nations Emergency Force; this force had up to 1,007 peace keepers in Egypt to keep the peace between Egypt, and Israel. These missions were known as UNEF 1 from 1956 to 1967, and UNEF 2 from 1973 to 1979. The second peace keeping mission that Canada was involved in was the operation in the Congo; this was more of a humanitarian mission bringing protection to a government who has just collapsed. There were around 300 service men, at a time with a total of 1,900 Peace keepers in Congo from 1960 to 1964. The third mission that Canada was involved in was a territorial division between Netherlands, and Indonesia over West New Guinea. The United Nations Canada being part of them deployed two aircrafts, and one observer to maintain the peace between the two nations, from 1962 to 1963. The United Nations made both countries sign the New York Agreement that stated that Indonesia would take over West New Guinea. Another mission that Canada participated in the force of Cyprus on the SNOWGOSE operation; which helps solves the violence between Greek and Turkish forces. The missions of Canada was to train the police, and maintain the peace, and order of law. The...

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