Achieving unity within a country is the most fundamental and central goal of a nation. In order for a county to unite, they must first achieve unification in what values they hold to be important. They also need to be in accordance with one another as to how the country works and how they wish to be governed. These factors help create a region's identity and make it different from areas around it. It is a goal most difficult to accomplish due to the discrepancies between cultures, religions, personal beliefs and many other factors that may exist in that area.
Canada is an example of a nation with the question of a country wide unification among all its citizens on the table since the time of confederation in 1867 and even a few years prior. What some these factors that make Canada different from areas around it? How can a country that dominates such large land mass and that bares such vast cultural differences, be united? Can Canadians ever come to agreement upon the values they hold to be important? The debates of these questions continue to plague Canadian parliaments, especially when examining the differences between Canada and the province Quebec. Even though many argue and hope for Canada’s unity in the future, the differences in political socialization and culture present throughout the country creates a blurry vision of Canadian harmony and makes it extremely difficult to realistically vision Canadian unification. Is that, however, a bad thing?
The differences in values and opinions among Canadians are illustrated through political socialization agents and variables that exist within different regions of Canada. From all of these agents and variables present, regionalism is the ones that impacts political unity in the most profound way. This variable is directly evident through the political parties that each regions supports. To this day, Quebec still votes for parties that support the sovereignty movement in the province. Pauline Marois, the leader of the Partis Quebecois, is also the premier of the province, suggesting the face that Quebec’s values sovereignty different from areas around it. The West, on the other hand, is influenced by their political history. One example is J.S. Woodworth's CCF, Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, where the majority of political culture parties come from Western Canada. Whereas in the East and the Maritimes, citizens commonly vote Liberal and NDP. Even though political associations do not bear a crucial role in the unity of Canada, the significant differences existing in each province for their preferred political party is impossible to ignore.
Another political variable that motivates voting in Canada is religion. Religion too, depended on region, is a factor of Canadian disunity. Protestants are more inclined to vote for the Progressive Conservatives while Catholics are inclined to vote Liberal. Can a country ever be unified if its citizens that live in different regions and practice...