Canadian Waste In Michigan Essay

1104 words - 4 pages

Canadian Waste in Michigan

In 1986, a waste treaty between Canada and the U.S. was signed by American lawmakers concerning the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste.  Under the terms of this treaty, the EPA is to receive notification of these shipments, and then would have 30 days to consent or object to the shipment. Since 1986 Canada has shipped its garbage to Michigan to be dumped into landfills and the provisions of this treaty have never been enforced.  But now is the time for them to be enforced and stop the importing of Canada's garbage.

As of January 1, 2003, the Canadian city of Toronto, Ontario started to ship one hundred percent of its garbage into the landfills of Michigan.  In 2003, Toronto exported garbage at a rate of 7.2 tons per minute.  Garbage trucks from Toronto run seven days a week twenty-four hours a day, so at the rate of 7.2 tons per minute it works out to be that Michigan imports 10,368 tons of Toronto's garbage per day.  But it wasn't always like this, Governor John Engler and his administration turned garbage into a growth industry.  The state lowered the liability standards for landfill owners and also provided tax-free financing for new facilities.  The result of these changes lead to too many landfills and not enough garbage to fill them.  So the landfill owners lowered their prices and searched even harder for garbage. Today, Michigan's private landfills charge ten to fifteen dollars per ton to dump while other landfill owners in neighboring states charge twenty five to fifty dollars per ton.  Toronto did the math and realized that it is cheaper to haul its garbage 300 miles and dump it in Michigan then it is to dump it close to home. And on top of that, Michigan has eliminated funds for recycling initiatives and is now the third largest importer of trash.  Toronto's trash isn't being dumped in a remote part of the state either.  Carleton Farms Landfill in Sumpter Township in southwest Wayne County, where the population is 11,856, receives one hundred percent of Toronto's garbage.  Our laws that Michigan implies on our garbage do not imply on Toronto's garbage.  Our laws prohibit us from discarding bottles and cans but allow Toronto and others from out of state to do it. Another problem with importing trash is the havoc it wreaks on our roads.   Toronto does not pay so much as a nickel for repairing the roads that it destroys. The constant flow of trucks creates both noise and air pollution and also lowers property values.  Although American lawmakers have decided to enforce the treaty from 1986, politicians in Lansing, Michigan and Washington still have not found a way to ban imported waste that doesn't violate the international treaty or does not unconstitutionally restrain trade.

Inspections of the garbage trucks, however, have been stepped-up since January 1, 2003.  The Department of Environmental Quality conducts inspections at the border, which include radioactive detecting equipment, and...

Find Another Essay On Canadian Waste in Michigan

Where Oh Where Has Our Nuclear Fuel Gone?

960 words - 4 pages . Canada maintains that it has no attachment whatsoever, historically or contemporary, to any form of nuclear grade waste. It upholds that its intentions are transparent and cognitive. (Robinson, Bill 3) The Canadian government views nuclear energy as a “responsible form of energy which post many benefits to the Canadian economy (Robinson, Bill 3).” In fact it goes so far as to say that it does not sell any Canadian Uranium or Plutonium to countries

Asian Carp: Destroying the Great Lakes

1350 words - 5 pages States Environmental Protection Agency reported that the Asian carp are capable of protruding up to 10 feet out of the water by jumping. According to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation news, the Asian carp were first brought to the United States in the 1970s to be used for algae control, but in the 1990s they began to spread to the Mississippi River due to flooding. These fish, originally from Asia, are still exported and consumed there

Canadian Media

1002 words - 4 pages In 1968 a Broadcasting Act was passed that forever changed the face of Canadian media. The act, part of an attempt by the Trudeau administration to centralize Canadian cultural activity, replaced the Board of Broadcast Governors with the Canadian Radio-Television Commission (CRTC). The CRTC, much more powerful than the Board of Broadcast Governors before it, did not waste time in making new Canadian content requirements. On February 12, 1970 the

The Location Of Landfills

1320 words - 5 pages CCME (The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment) published a revised set of regulations for municipal solid waste landfills. According to these rules, planed landfills cites could not be located within earthquake zones, wetlands, floodplains, or near airports. (Hall 17) In Edmonton, the Clover Bar Sanitary Landfill, which opened in November 1975, covers 198 acres and holds over 12 million tonnes of waste. When built, by law the city

Benefits of Implementing Environmental Action

1113 words - 4 pages , L., Magnus, B., & Pumphrey, A. U.S.A Environmental Protection Agency, (2005). Building green for the future: Case studies of sustainable development in Michigan. Retrieved from Urban Catalysts Associates website: Hugget, D., & Tansey, H. (2011). 3m's sustainability strategy & waste minimization. Retrieved from Hugget, D., & Tansey, H. (2011). 3m's sustainability strategy & waste minimization. Unpublished manuscript, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Retrieved from

Is Lake Superior Going To Be Fresh Out Of Water?

1114 words - 5 pages gathered about the further decline of freshwater in the Great Lakes. The Lakes’ effect on erosion must also be tracked, due to the collecting of gravel, or dredging, from the St. Clair River at the base of Lake Huron, as water from Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Huron, flows out by the river and into the United States (“Lake Superior: Where…”). Lake Superior’s water flows downstream into Lakes Michigan and Huron, and even more will escape, with

Mullticulturalism in Canada

1847 words - 7 pages Canada is renowned world wide for being a multi-cultural mosaic of people. The entire nation is built on centuries of immigration. In the world spotlight Canada is seen as a nation of peacekeepers, smiling faces, and immigration welcomers. Immigration changes more than just the amount of people in the country, it influences many different facets of the Canadian lifestyle, everything from education, to economics is altered in some way by bringing

Reduse Reuse Recycle

5430 words - 22 pages local community. In recent years Canadian companies are actively participating in recycling, the waste send to landfill has been reduced significantly. Reducing waste is a huge part of helping to protect the environment by through green living. (Council, 2012) The term recycling refers refining the items from waste stream to be used as raw material in manufacture of a new product. Recycling also helps to avoid landfills and also reduced air and

Corporate Social Responsibility

3810 words - 15 pages Health Division, Sanitary Code, Article III, Section 5.1,p5, Subsurface disposal general requirements. Michigan Laws Regulated by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Part 115, MCL 324.11501…324.11550, Solid Waste Management). There is no ordinance requirement for recycling. Since Company X is already recycling on a larger scale, they should also make sure that they are including what is in the main office, not just what is in the


5236 words - 21 pages brand on a domestic level.McDonald's in Canada works directly with more than 100 Canadian leading suppliers, determined to source products and supplies domestically. Simultaneously, suppliers and the Company, alongside with franchisees, create new products, be of assistance to reduce costs and make sure the customers obtain the same great taste of McDonald's in every community across Canada. In 2005, more than $700 million worth of food and paper

Animal Products

1623 words - 6 pages . Works Cited 1.Patricia Bertron R. D., "You Are Who You Eat," Animals Agenda, 18, no. 4 (1998): 30-32 2.D.L. Day and T. L. Funk, "Processing Manure: Physical, Chemical, and Biochemical Treatment," in Animal Waste Utilization: Effective Use of Manure as a Soil Resource, ed. J. L. Hatfield and B. A. Steward ( Chelsea, Michigan: Ann Arbor Press, 1998), 244-277 3. Michael Klaper, M. D. , Vegan Nutrition: Pure and Simple ( Gentle

Similar Essays

Michigan Essay

915 words - 4 pages Michigan is the state in the East North Central United States. It is different from other states because it consists of two peninsulas completely separated by water and bordering on four of the five Great Lakes. Between Lakes Michigan and Huron is the Straits of Mackinac, which separate Michigan's two peninsulas. The Detroit and Saint Clair rivers border the Lower Peninsula on the east by Lakes Huron, Saint Clair, and Erie and, all of them

Solid Waste Management Essay

1427 words - 6 pages is a constant environmental pressure… (2009). This leads to an increasing limitation of government to prevent and control the volume and toxicity of products in the waste stream and a growing need to shift responsibility to the product manufacturer. Further, “In 2008, nearly 13 tonnes of waste were generated by Canadian households. Of this, more than 8.5 million tonnes were disposed of in landfills or incinerators; remaining 4.4 million tonnes

Medical Waste Pollution Essay

1271 words - 5 pages individual’s risk of lung cancer (Smith, p. 2). In the year 1915, chlorine gas was used in warfare in France (Toxicity). Today, chlorine gas is a dangerous byproduct of medical waste disposal. Bronchitis and tooth corrosion are both long term effects of chlorine gas exposure (Michigan, 2). In increased chlorine levels, an individual may experience irritation in the lungs and difficulty breathing due to shortness of breath. (Michigan) This

Pollution In The Great Lakes Essay

1232 words - 5 pages Overview Pollution in the Great Lakes is a major problem. It affects both Canada and the U.S. and has been a problem for over 50 years. Both the Canadian and American governments have taken action against this, but the problem hasn’t gone away yet. This report will talk about pollution, and its toll on the Great Lakes. It will also talk about what we can do to slow down, and hopefully stop pollution in these lakes. Environmental Issues There