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Cancer Essay

917 words - 4 pages


Cancer is a deadly disease that affects millions of American families each year. In cancer, cell division isn't controlled. Usually, cells have to go through a set of checks and balances before they divide, in cancer that is nonexistent. The cells just keep duplicating until they eventually form disorganized clumps called tumors. Tumors can either be, benign, meaning that they do not possess the power to metastasize to surrounding areas. If a tumor has the power to metastasize, it is classified as a malignant tumor. In simple terms, a benign tumor is not cancerous, and a malignant tumor is. Cancer cells cannot perform the necessary functions they were created for. Some types of cancers, like pancreatic cancer, cannot be cured. Other cancers such as melanoma and breast cancer have high survival rates when caught early. The four major types of treatments used to treat cancer include, surgery to remove the affected organ, radiation, chemotherapy, or biological treatments.
Colon cancer forms in the colon, the largest part of the large intestine. Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucosa and other fluids.) I chose colon cancer because my grandpa had colon cancer. He died in the nineteen fifties when my mom was 7. I know that cancer research has come a long way and I think that had he been alive today, he would have most likely survived. I just want to know more about colon cancer, because my mom is high risk of cancer, being that her dad died from colon cancer and my grandma is a survivor of ovarian cancer. My Mom is also in her early 60's which doesn't really mean anything, but the risk of cancer does get higher as you get older.

What can cause you to get colon cancer (colorectal), and what can you do to prevent it?

The exact reason for colon cancer isn't known, but certain risk factors can lead you to have a higher chance of contracting colon cancer. A risk factor is something that changes how likely someone is to get a disease. Smoking is a risk factor that can be controlled; age cannot be controlled. Even having many risk factors against you, does not mean you will get colon cancer ( or any cancer or sickness) it just means you have a better chance than someone with few to no risks. Some risks you can't change are your age, elderly people have a higher chance, having had colon cancer before, type two diabetes, being African-American, or a family history of colon cancer. A few factors that can be controlled include, lack of...

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