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Breast Cancer Essay

1325 words - 6 pages

Cancer is a disease that affects many different parts of the body and a various number of people. When it comes to women, breast cancer is the leading type of cancer they may encounter. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that rises up from the cell within the breast. There are a vast number of risk factors, sign and symptoms and treatment that go along with breast cancer.
There are many different reasons that woman maybe at a higher risk for breast cancer than other woman. Family history is risk factors that increase a woman’s likelihood of getting breast cancer. What this means is if a woman is in a family where this disease is common among female or even males they are at a higher risk for being diagnosed with breast cancer than someone who is in a family where breast cancer is not common. If the relative that has this disease is one that is very close meaning they are either a sister, mother, or daughter the likelihood that said person will also contract the disease is then doubled. This is mainly due to the fact that in close relations you are able to inherit the genes BrcA-1 or BrcA-2, these genes are mutation genes that play a role in controlling the growth of cancer cell. Only a small portion of women inherit this gene about 1 in 500 to be exact, however when they do inherit this gene they have a 80% chance of developing breast cancer in their lifetime. This gene causes woman to develop cancer at a younger age usually before the time they hit menopause. Also, women with this gene have a greater risk of developing cancer in both breasts which is called bilateral breasts cancer. This is due to the fact that once the cancer develops in one breast the risk for developing it in the other breast increases. (“Breast Cancer”) "About 5 to 10% of breast cancer is hereditary, passed from one generation to the next via a variety of mutated genes". (Port 95-105) Lastly, the consumption of alcohol can increase the risk of a woman developing breast cancer. The risk increase when more alcohol is consumed, however even as little as one drink per day can increase the chance of getting this disease. The reason for this is still unknown but one possible reason is that once the alcohol is put into the body it increases the amount of estrogen. Another possibilities as to why this occurs is that the alcohol decrease the levels of such nutrients as foliate, vitamin A, and vitamins C which are all nutrients that project against cell damage. These are just a few of the many risk factors that cause some woman to develop breast cancer over others. (Conrad 3)
There are a vast number of signs and symptoms’ that can mean a woman has breast cancer. For example, changes to the breast may indicate breast cancer. The change to the breast that seems to be most common with this disease is the appearance of lumps, which is the reason that woman are told to do self breast examinations. When lumps appear they usually appear on the breast or right near the underarm. One way...

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