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Breast Cancer Essay

2351 words - 9 pages

"In 2004, it is estimated that about 216,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in the U.S, along with 59,390 new cases of non-invasive breast cancer." (Breast 1) Cancer is a very complex being. It has the ability to transform cells, grow, migrate (metastasize), grow its own blood vessels, and virtually take over the being it inhabits. While the previous lyric is very apt in its meaning, scientists have come close to identifying the causes of cancer. Whereas some causes are lifestyle oriented, others are an integral part of ourselves, they are part of what makes us, us. The genome is a playground where anything can happen - mutation due to carcinogen, change due to genetic inheritance of mutated genes, and many other origins. While breast cancer is only one area of the body affected by cancer, every human runs the risk of developing one form or another. Breast cancer is the number two cancer killer among females 15-54. On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops drastically. Breast cancer is rare in women under the age of 20 and is very rare in women under the age of 30. When women hit the age of 50 the incidence of breast cancer rises significantly. This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above the age of 15, and comprises a great amount of all health care costs in the U.S. totaling an astounding 37 billion dollars a year in direct medical costs. The chance of getting breast cancer over the course of an entire lifetime, assembly you live to age 90, is one in 8, with an overall lifetime risk of 12.5%. (Brest 1) Out of all breast cancers, 70% are sporadic, 20 - 25% are polygenic (related to a modest family history risk), and 5 -10% are part of the hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome. Lung cancer has a strong relationship with smoking and liver cancer with drinking, but the cause of breast cancer has always been a mystery. There are many different types of breast cancer, some types are; Aden carcinoma: which is a general type of carcinoma that starts in glandular tissues anywhere in the body.Ductile carcinoma in situ: This is the most common type of noninvasive breast cancer. Cancer cells are inside the ducts but they do not spread through the walls of the ducts into the fatty tissue of the breast. Infiltrating Ductile carcinoma: which starts in a milk passage of the breast, this cancer breaks through the wall of the duct and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. From here, the cancer can metastasize to the other parts of the body. Infiltrating lobular carcinoma: this starts in the milk-producing glands. This cancer has the potential to spread elsewhere in the body. Inflammatory breast cancer: This is a rare type of invasive breast cancer accounts for about 1% of all breast cancers. It is a very aggressive and fast growing cancer. In situ: an early stage of cancer in which a tumor is confined to the immediate area where it began. Cancer remains confined to ducts or...

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