Cancer is a disease that has been reported to claim millions of lives a round the globe and has many different forms. Cancer is defined as “a malignant form of tumors, which are tissue masses that arise through mutations in the genes that govern cell growth and division” (Starr, 1999, p. 213). Skin cancer is just one of the many types of cancer that affects people and most commonly in the United States. It is a disease whereby cancerous cells are found on the epidermis which is the outer layer of the skin or uncontrolled growth of skin cells. This cancer affects the skin tissues and it is the most rampant of all the cancers and it’s increasingly on the rise. It is a disease that can affect anyone that lives under the sun. It includes many types which are either classified as superficial or severe. Skin cancer is classified according to the layer it develops in.
Skin cancer occurs twice often in men than in women. The highest cases of skin cancer have been reported in Australia and South Africa. This kind of disease I common among white skinned people and is rarely reported in dark skinned people. According to cancer statistics, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer that is affecting millions of people around the globe. It has been approximated that, 40-5- percent of people at the age of 65 have or have had skin cancer.
Skin cancer is of three types: Basal cell cancer (BCC), Squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant Melanomia. To begin with, Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common of all cancers. It develops in the bottom layer of the epidermis. It is caused by patched (PTC) gene which helps in controlling the growth and development of cells. It rarely occurs in African Americans but it is mostly found in fair skinned people. Basal cell cancer first appears as a small fleshy bump and if untreated, it can crust over heal and repeat the cycle all over again. The second most common type of skin cancer is Squamous cell carcinoma. It appears on the upper layer of the epidermis unlike Basal cell carcinoma which appears on the bottom layer of the epidermis. It is usually found on face, mouth lips and on the rim of the ear. This type of skin cancer originates from sun damaged skin and begins at the age of 50. The last and most deadly type of skin cancer is malignant melanoma. It develops in pigment cells found throughout the basal layer. This type of skin cancer is responsible for three quarter of skin cancer deaths but is curable when detected early.
Skin cancer just like any other disease comes along with various signs and symptoms. It has several diverse appearances for eaxmple ulcering in the skin, discoloration of the skin, changes in the skin that do not heal and rushes all over the skin. Other signs of skin cancer are itchiness, a change in sensation, tenderness, scaliness, bleeding, or change in the appearance of a bump or nodule; the spread of pigmentation beyond it’s border such as dark coloring that spreads past the edge of a...