Candide 2 Essay

1607 words - 6 pages

In these two literary works, Voltaire's "Candide" and Alexander Popes "A Modest Proposal" They use satire in a different way. One to entertain the upper class and the other to show us the harsh realities of the world.Swift's "A Modest Proposal" In his lengthy literary career, Jonathan Swift wrote many stories that used a broad range of voices that were used to make some compelling personal statements. For example, Swifts, A Modest Proposal, is often heralded as his best use of both sarcasm and irony. Yet taking into account the persona of Swift, as well as the period in which it was written, one can prove that through that same use of sarcasm and irony, this proposal is actually written to entertain the upper-class. Therefore the true irony in this story lies not in the analyzation of minute details in the story, but rather in the context of the story as it is written. One of the voices that is present throughout the story is that of irony. The story itself is ironic since no one can take Swifts proposal seriously. This irony is clearly demonstrated at the end of the story; Swift makes it clear that this proposal would not affect him since his children were grown and his wife unable to have any more children. It would be rather absurd to think that a rational man would want to both propose this and partake in the eating of another human being. Therefore, before an analyzation can continue, one has to make the assumption that this is strictly a fictional work and Swift had no intention of pursuing his proposal any further. One of the other voices that is present throughout the entire story is that of sarcasm. In order to understand this further, a reader has to comprehend that Swift, becoming infamous after Gullivers Travels, was a member of the upper-class. Right from the first paragraph Swift attempts to fool his readers by the sarcasm of the dreary scene that Swift presents. For example, he mentions that it is a melancholy sight to see beggars and their children on the street. The sarcastic paradox in this statement is whether it is a melancholy object for him, having to see homeless people every day, or for the beggars lifestyle? Upon first reading this one may be led to believe that Swift is a compassionate writer attempting to feel the pain of the beggars. But as the story continues, a reader can look back and note that he is using a sarcastic tone and the only sad sight that he sees is the fact that people of his status have to deal with commoners. It is a good combination that makes the reader think twice about any other statements, and the voice used, after the first paragraph. This leads to the underlying statements that appear throughout the story. It is quite clear that Swift has strong feelings of resentment, bordering on hate, for the poor people that wonder the street. For example, he tries to qualify his proposal by saying, "it is very well known that they are dying, and rotting , by cold and famine, and filth, and vermin . . ....

Find Another Essay On Candide 2

Candide Paper

1428 words - 6 pages then convey serious information in a fun and entertaining way. Works Cited Shmoop Editorial Team. "Candide." Shmoop University Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 28 Feb 2011. Spacks, Patricia M. “Francois-Marie Arouet De Voltaire.” The Norton Anthology: Western Literature. Ed. Sarah Lawall. 8th ed. Vol 2. New York: Norton & Company, 2006.

Voltaire: "Candide". Essay

1354 words - 5 pages of all possible worlds."2) When Pangloss explains that Cunégonde has been killed, Candide passes out. Upon awakening, he muses, "Ah, best of worlds, what's become of you now?"3) When Jacques confronts Pangloss' systemic philosophy, the philosopher responds, "...private misfortunes make for public welfare."4) Seeing an abused African slave stretched out on the road before them, the two question him, and learn that a very religious Christian

Use of Satire to Attack Optimism in Voltaire's Candide

1491 words - 6 pages " (2) by the young and naive Candide at the beginning of the novel. However, as the novel progresses Candide begins to balks at this optimist idea, in the end suggesting to his comrades to "cultivate our garden" (87). This, his own conclusion, can be interpreted as humble work is the only answer to a life continuously plagued with bad luck. Through the actions of his silly characters, Voltaire preaches that man is unable to understanding

Jonathan Swift’s Essay A Modest Proposal, and Voltaire’s Novella, Candide

1158 words - 5 pages /cultural_history2/4-neo-classicism/3-satire.htm "Candide" by Voltaire, Gateways to World Literature Volume 2

The Naive Protagonists of Candide and Forrest Gump

3707 words - 15 pages reliable source of happiness for mankind" (2). In the end, Candide "has come to learn the harsh lesson that Voltaire is putting forward" (2). Having been subject to various calamities and philosophies, he finally gets it! The point is that though society, including Lady Cunegonde, may be corrupt, we (as individuals of free choice) "must cultivate our garden" (Voltaire 120). "Garden", in this context, is a metaphor for whatever the reader

Fiction Vs. Reality: A comparison of themes in "Tartuffe" and "Candide"

829 words - 3 pages as the false prude he is.In Voltaire's novel, "Candide", there are many examples of appearance vs. reality. The novel begins by describing different philosophical arguments. Candide's philosophical stance is one that states that everything is the best of all possible worlds.It can be demonstrated, that things could not be other than they are; for everything has been made to serve a purpose, and so nothing is susceptible to improvement (Voltaire 2

Essay on Voltaire's Candide - Voltaire's Opposition to Optimism

1178 words - 5 pages : Bottiglia, William. "Candide's Garden." Voltaire: A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. Frautschi, R.L. Barron's Simplified Approach to Voltaire: Candide. New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc., 1968. Jonas, Eric, from: Accessed via the Internet 2/25/03 Kahn, Ludwig W. Voltaire. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1980. Voltaire. Candide. New York: Viking Publishers, 1998. Zerolo,Juan. Voltaire's Candide and the Critics. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc., 1996.

Irony and Humor

1802 words - 7 pages is not an outright fool. He is over concerned with the loss of his beloved to such great extent that he becomes easily mistreated and hopelessly lost. The reader can feel a pity for Candide that he cannot equate with Orgon. Very early in chapter 2 it states, “. . . [Candide] wandered for a long time without knowing where he was going, weeping, raising his eyes to heaven,” which foreshadows how the rest of the story will unfold (338). Like in

"Candide" by Voltaire.

1322 words - 5 pages Published in 1759, Voltaire's Candide is a book tied into the reality of the time it was written; it camouflages Voltaire's frustration of the time. Candide is a book meant to explore the ideas of enlightenment, and how people of that time would use reason in place of faith (Catherine Lavender Par. 1).Voltaire was born François-Marie Arouet to a middle class family in Paris on November 21, 1694. However, there is confusion as to whether

Candide: Transition Through Life and Literature

1037 words - 4 pages Magruder 6Talley MagruderDr. Kevin HayesWorld Literature II11 March 2013 Candide: Transition Through Life and LiteratureFrançois-Marie Arouet, otherwise known as Voltaire, was a prominent writer of the eighteenth century. Despite having written several works prior to Candide, this work is viewed as one of his most popular. Though Voltaire's Candide was published in 1759 during the Neoclassical Period, it does possess characteristics that

The Enlightenment: An Incredible Change

1240 words - 5 pages ” and “A Modest Proposal” The Norton Anthology of Western Literature. Ed. Sarah Lawal. 8th ed. Vol. 2. New York: W.W. Northon & Company, 2006. 289-347. Print. 2 vols. Voltaire, Francois-Marie Arouet. “Candide” The Norton Anthology of Western Literature. Ed. Sarah Lawal. 8th ed. Vol. 2. New York: W.W. Northon & Company, 2006. 375-438. Print. 2 vols.

Similar Essays

Rising Above A Corrupt World In Voltaire's Candide

1606 words - 6 pages "sardonically seeks to discover if there is any reliable source of happiness for mankind" (2). In the end, Candide "has come to learn the harsh lesson that Voltaire is putting forward" (2). Having been subject to various calamities and philosophies, he finally gets it! The point is that though society, including Lady Cunegonde, may be corrupt, we (as individuals of free choice) "must cultivate our garden" (Voltaire 120). "Garden", in this context, is a

Voltaire's Candide As An Attack On Optimism

1325 words - 5 pages Voltaire's Attack on Optimism in Candide      Leibnitz emphasized, in his Discours de Metaphysique (Discourse on Metaphysics) (1686) the role of a benevolent creator. He called the constituent components of the universe monads, and while the philosophy of monads is of little concern to readers of Candide, the conclusion which Leibnitz drew from these monads is crucial to an understanding of optimism.             Leibnitz argued

Voltaires Candide Through My Present Day View

1042 words - 4 pages present worldview is more closely agreeable with those of Martin’s. I am a skeptic, and I find my self very realistic, and would fight to die to prove how real I am and how I know all I need to know. On the other hand, there are optimistic people, who use their optimistic points of view as a petty excuse for their weakness and frailty. Works Cited Craig, Graham, Kagan, Ozment, and Turner, The Heritage of World Civilizations vol 2 New Jersey; Upper Saddle River, 1997. Voltaire, Candide France 1759

A Rational Demonstration Of Irrational Thought

603 words - 2 pages if there is a volcano in Lisbon it could not be anywhere else... because everything is for the best."2 The optimistic attitude portrayed by Pangloss in Candide mirrors the philosophies of many enlightenment thinkers such as Leibniz. The focus of Voltaire in Candide was to critique and refute this popular enlightenment philosophy. Through the various anecdotes, Voltaire shows that although Candide and Pangloss are good people, horrific and