This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Candide: Discussion Essay

894 words - 4 pages

Voltaire’s novel, Candide, features satire as social commentary on religion, maltreatment of women, slavery, money, philosophies, and societal ideas that were prominent during the course of the Enlightenment. Through the characters Cunegonde and the old woman, Voltaire exposes that women were seen as property and secondary citizens; they were treated as weak, helpless individuals that needed a high ranking husband to ensure a jubilant life. For instance, Cunegonde’s father decides who she will marry despite who she is truly in love with. Women of this time didn’t marry for love, their marriages were often arranged.
In Constantinople, Cunegonde and the old woman were both slaves and were treated horribly by the men there. It was not until Candide purchased them that they finally gained their independence. Later, the old woman tells of being raped and mutilated in an ordinary, relaxed tone and describes it as being “common”. Voltaire expresses in the aforementioned scenes, that women were beheld as property belonging to men. Cunegonde, being shared by the Grand Inquisitor and the Jewish merchant, is also an example of this. Voltaire’s views regarding the treatment of women were similar to those of Montesquieu in his book The Persian Letters, where he specifically discussed the men of Paris and their views on a woman’s place and purpose in society.
Hypocrisy and religious persecution by the Roman Catholic Church is an important aspect of the Enlightenment that is discussed in the book. For instance, almost all of the religious figures repeatedly break canon law and disregard their virtuous duties. The Baron belonged to the Jesuits and his family is living better than the poor people they should have been aiding. James, the Anabaptist character, is used by Voltaire to contrast sincere Christian values with the fraudulent values of the Roman Catholic Church. Out of everyone, James was genuinely the nicest person Candide met on his voyage. When Candide and his friends became shipwrecked, James took him in and gave him a job as well as pay for Pangloss’s recovery. James also dies an honorable death by saving a churlish sailor. James’s character is also used by Voltaire to denounce the theory of optimism by using the Anabaptist perspective of the world and the cause of its woe.
One of the biggest examples of clergy corruption is the old woman’s existence. The Pope, which is her father, took a vow of celibacy and should not have any children. Voltaire uses this to magnify the past corruption of Pope Alexander VI involving his son Cesare Borgia. In addition, Voltaire explicitly satirizes the Dutch concerning their Christian beliefs. There is...

Find Another Essay On Candide: Discussion

How People Perceive the World Based on Their Own Personal Experiences

2626 words - 11 pages not know because we cannot see, and that is what terrifies us. We have no depth perception. The dark is not evil because evil happenings occur in the dark, the dark is evil because we perceive the dark to be evil. As human beings we fear the unknown; to us the dark is unknown.Many other concepts rely on perception. One such concept is virtue. In his book, Meno, Plato tries to give a definition to virtue. From the discussion that commences in the

From Enlightenment to Postmodernism Essay

6168 words - 25 pages "lumiers"' arguments to the postmodern ones and analyzing the changes, the definition of postmodernism is necessary for clarity matters. The term postmodernism was introduced into a philosophical discussion by Jean-François Lyotard, French philosopher, in 1984. He criticized Enlightenment for the creating of "grand narratives", the universalized concepts of truth, and argued that they are social constructions of empowerment of certain groups

Classifying Music Based on Frequency Content and Audio Data - Essay

4436 words - 18 pages 82.16 2.08 67.66 2.74 0.2 81.83 0.94 68.33 3.92 0.4 82.33 2.38 69 1.61 0.8 80.00 6.52 70 4.15 It seems that the best momentum is 0.8 with a classification rate of 70%. However, all of the other momentums were rather close, so it would seem that momentum has less of an effect than the learning rate. But an increased momentum value increased the classification performance. Conclusion and Discussion


8478 words - 34 pages Technology (0445). CIRCULAR TO CENTRES APRIL 2010 Please distribute the relevant pages to all teaching staff concerned. 15 DEVELOPMENT STUDIES IGCSE Development Studies, Syllabus 0453 A discussion forum has been set up for teachers of Development Studies to exchange comments, teaching ideas and teaching materials for Development Studies. The discussion forum can be found on the CIE Teacher Support site in the Community pages. CIRCULAR TO CENTRES

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages runs (7 to 12) Figure 5 Phase diagram of binary Durene / Phenanthrene system at fixed temperature (1,2) and fixed composition (3,4) left to right. Discussion: In order to construct the phase diagram for the binary (Naphtalene/Durene) system, two independent methods were used. Firstly, the crystallization temperatures were determined by analyzing the temperature changes with respect to time while cooling the sample (Thermal

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages amongst me and my friends. What I am trying to explain is that the movie caused a way for us to have a discussion and to become critics of cinematography and interpretation—contemplate what is real. Benjamin points out that audience can identify with the camera, making their opinion of that of a critic. Since audience do not have a personal, direct contact with the film actor, unlike stage actor, the audience can criticize the work and at the

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Similar Essays

Understanding Concepts Of Humor Essay

1863 words - 7 pages A good way that people describe a society would have to be through satirical devices. Voltaire is one of those many authors that use humor through his book, Candide, in order to make fun of his society. This is satirical books depicts many different topics in a society. To begin with in the book Candide, the main character goes through a series of adventures and murders in order to preserve his love to Cunegonde. Then again Candide can’t go

Compare And Contrast Aphra Bhen's Oroonoko The Royal Slave And Candide, Or Optimism

1637 words - 7 pages Write an essay of 1,500 words in which you compare and contrast the two passages below, taken from Behn's 'Oroonoko' or The Royal Slave and Voltaire's 'Candide', or Optimism.In your discussion pay particular attention to the ways in which the contexts of European colonisation and exploration inform the two passages.Aphra Bhen was a prolific female playwright and author during the restoration period of English history. Bhen herself stood by the

Voltaire's Love Life Essay

935 words - 4 pages Voltaire’s relationship with Emilie du Chatelet caused his view of love to be distorted. In his book, Candide, Voltaire portrays love as absurd. Their love for each other went past all conventional ways of doing things. He met her when she was still young. The sparks didn’t fly at their first meeting. They didn’t become close until they met again in 1733. They started their love affair. They started their intellectual friendship. They were

Different Viewpoints On Human Nature Essay

739 words - 3 pages Different Viewpoints on Human Nature Throughout history there have been arguments about anything and everything that is disagreeable. People innately have there own and often different opinions. A prominent discussion topic throughout history has been the nature of mankind. Many have written works about human nature but few are discussed in greater detail than Candide, The Prince, and Essay on Man. Voltaire, Niccolo Machiavelli, and