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Cannabis Uruguay Essay

1030 words - 4 pages

Informe: Legalización de la marihuana en UruguayEn diciembre de 2013 se aprobó en el Parlamento una ley regula la producción, la comercialización, tenencia y usos recreativos, industriales y medicinales de la marihuana. A través de esta ley, el país se convirtió en el primero en legalizar el cultivo y venta de marihuana a nivel mundial y en poner en manos del Estado el control de todos estos aspectos.Desde 2011 se debatió una posible legalización del cultivo de marihuana para consumo propio. En junio de 2012, el gobierno anunció un proyecto de ley para la legalización del comercio del cannabis, que estaría regulado y controlado por el Estado. Las organizaciones sociales que luchan por la legalización acotaron al debate que era necesaria la incorporación del autocultivo en los proyectos de ley. Este proyecto de legalización mereció comentarios en todo el mundo, incluyendo a la BBC y la revista estadounidense Time, e implicó apoyos y detracciones de actores políticos y figuras públicas del medio local.Desde la Oficina de la ONU contra la Droga y el Delito (UNODC) se advirtió que el proyecto viola tratados internacionales ya que no toma en cuenta la dimensión del impacto en la salud del uso de la droga y va en contra de lo que promueve la Convención sobre Narcóticos de 1961, de la que Uruguay es parte.En julio de 2013 un proyecto de ley fue aprobado, primero, por la comisión de Adicciones de la Cámara de Representantes, y luego por la Cámara de Representantes, por 50 votos a favor, 46 en contra y 3 ausencias. El proyecto preveía que las farmacias pudieran vender hasta 40 g de cannabis por persona por mes, también posibilitando el autocultivo por parte de individuos o de clubes de consumidores. El 10 de diciembre, con los votos del Frente Amplio (16 a favor, 13 en contra) fue aprobado el proyecto por la Cámara de Senadores. La ley fue promulgada por el Poder Ejecutivo el martes 24 de diciembre; y entró en vigencia a partir de un decreto del Poder Ejecutivo del el 6 de mayo de 2014.El decreto del Poder Ejecutivo consiste en la manera en que se pondrá en práctica la Ley aprobada. Entre sus puntos clave se encuentran que el acceso a marihuana se podrá hacer por tres vías: el autocultivo doméstico (el plazo es de 180 días para inscribir las plantas ya existentes), la compra en farmacias (hasta 10 gramos por semana por persona) o a través de la adhesión a un club cannabico (de entre 15 y 45 miembros, que pueden percibir hasta 480 gramos anuales de cannabis). Cabe destacar que estas formas son excluyentes y, en todos los casos, el usuario deberá inscribirse en el IRCCA (Instituto de Regulación y Control de Cannabis), creado para llevar el control de usuarios y otorgar licencias a...

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