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Cape Cod Erosion Essay

836 words - 4 pages

Cape Cod, a little arm that sticks out into the Atlantic Ocean, is a popular destination all year round but especially in the Summer for beachgoers. Cape Cod was formed about 18,000 years ago when the glaciers started to melt, but how was it formed? It formed through a process called weathering and erosion. Weathering is the process of wearing away or changing the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the water, wind, and even ice. Erosion is the process that takes the results of weathering away by water, wind, or other natural processes. The sediment was picked up by the glaciers and slowly eroded down towards Cape Cod. As the glaciers moved south, the warmer weather ...view middle of the document...

Although you cannot control the sea levels, there are other fixes to the problem. The sand that forms the Cape Cod beaches came from the 3 glaciers that formed Cape Cod. The glaciers picked up rocks and sediment of all sizes. Eventually, the rocks and sediment sorted itself out and formed sandy beaches. As waves crash onto the beaches, the sand gets moved and deposited far away from where it started. The process of sand moving up along the beaches is longshore drift. The sand moves in the direction of the currents. The currents push the sediment up the beach and then the force of gravity pulls the sediment back into the water and the process is repeated pulling the sediment down the shoreline. The sand is taking from downdrift and taking updrift where there is often attempts to collect the sand at a groin. When longshore drift carries the sediment updrift, it often collects around a hook. At the hook sediment accumulates because the longshore drift is not strong enough to carry the sediment around the hook. The sand is deposited creating a spit. A spit is a special place where sand sticks out from the shoreline (a hook is a special name for a certain type of spit). Various human structures are blocking the natural transfer of sand updrift. One of the factors contributing to beach erosion is jetties that are often at many beaches. A jetty is a type of groin...

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