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Capital Punishment Essay

2486 words - 10 pages

Capital punishment also known as the death penalty is a sentence which requires the use of deadly force on high risk inmates. This form of punishment has become a controversial topic for many debates. 58 nations are currently using capital punishment in their justice systems, 97 countries have decided to abolish it completely. Canada decided to abolish capital punishment from the Canadian Criminal Code in 1976, and many argue whether the abolishment had any positive outcome on Canada’s justice system. Capital punishment has become a matter of disagreement in various countries around the world; the issue has even reached the attention of the United Nations. Over 60% of the world’s population live in countries where capital punishment is practiced, for example China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. People within in these countries are divided on whether or not capital punishment is effective, and whether it should exist within their justice systems.
Capital punishment has been practiced around the globe for centuries, especially in cases relating to murder, rape, treason, incest, and apostasy. The death penalty is found within many major religions such as Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. The same practices became the foundations for the legal systems of many ancient civilizations, monarchies, and tribes. The death penalty became common during middle-ages due to the vast influences religions had on society, and many religious scripters such as the Quran, and Torah supported such punishment. During those years the killing was done in front of large audiences, in the centre, and hearts of communities for everyone to see. The death penalty has survived and is still practiced in modern times, but the methods have changed in order to meet human rights standards. Acts similar to the guillotine, boiling to death, stoning, and crucifying have become unacceptable. Developed nations such as the United States have moved away from the tradition methods of the death penalty, and implemented less painful alternatives such as electric chair, shooting, or lethal injection. Capital punishment has seen many alterations throughout history, adjusting to the morals, and values placed by society.
Supporters view capital punishment as an effective tool within the criminal justice system. Supporters believe capital punishment minimizes crime, provides safety to the public, lowers taxes, and provides justice. Statics undeniable prove that capital punishment does in fact demonstrate positive outcomes to society, and lowers criminal activity. A study done by Professors Hashem Dezhbakhsh, Paul R. Rubin, and Joanna M. Shepherd of Emory University examined 3,000 counties from 1977 to 1996. The study found that each execution resulted in 18 fewer murders on average each year. The practice of the death penalty leads to less crime and provides a sense of protection within communities. The execution of high risk offenders also benefits prison facilities by:...

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