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Capital Punishment Essay

1143 words - 5 pages

Death penalty has been a controversial issue over the recent centuries in human societies. Opponents believe it is inhumane, barbaric, uncivilized and immoral. Nevertheless, advocators are on the conviction that capital punishment brings justice, safety and security. In the article I chose to read concerning the issue, Peter Mikelic directly attacks death penalty and by appealing to logic and emotion in his thesis statement he argues that “The punitive taking of life in a democratic, moral and free country still cannot alter past bloodshed, much less impede the reduction of future homicides” (Mikelic). he asserts that the enforcement of capital punishment does not protect the innocent and cannot provide a “potent deterrent”. However, I totally disagree with his idea and believe that although execution does not compensate the loss, it ceases the sense of vengeance and certainly functions as a warning lesson in public psychology and values human life in today’s societies. Moreover, it saves the innocents’ lives and deters the would-be murderers by the horrible fear it unconsciously creates in them.The majority of people who live in a democratic society value human life and believe in a justice system that punishes murderers in order to serve justice for all and consequently demand safety. If human life is valued in such a society, individuals have to be made certain that there exists an appropriate and strict punishment for the smallest threat to their lives. How would people in a society treasure human life if they felt one who has taken a life were still alive without a severe punishment? As Jorg Mardian quotes Edward Koch in his article Why We Need Death Penalty: Because it Works “It is by exacting the highest penalty for the taking of human life that we affirm the highest value of human life” (Mardian). Therefore, to serve the justice and to guarantee safety in society we have to ensure people of a life-for-a-life punishment.Unlike Mikelic who believes death penalty can’t protect the innocent, I believe that it definitely avoids the occurrence of further crimes since it is final and permanent and does not allow a murder to get desensitized to killing people and repeat that again. The other alternative which is enforced in some countries is life imprisonment and I seriously doubt if it works. No one can guarantee that a murderer will not commit a murder after being imprisoned for 25 or 30 years and being released. According to a testimony to the House Judiciary Committee:Of the roughly 52000 state prison inmates serving time for murder in 1984, an estimated 810 had previously been convicted of murder and had killed 821 persons following those convictions. Executing these inmates after their initial murder conviction could have saved 821 innocent lives. (O’Sullivan)If murderers are not sentenced to death, they will turn into a constant threat to ruin the security one has the right to feel as a...

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