Capital Punishment Esay Essay

1812 words - 8 pages

Capital punishment is defined as the legally authorized execution of someone as punishment for a crime. Capital crime and capital offense are the crimes that lead to death penalty. This procedure has been practiced in a lot of societies and countries for years. It has been reported that executions are far more expensive than keeping an inmate in prison for life (Payne, 2013). Out of all the states where capital punishment is allowed, California has the highest number of inmates who are on death row (Payne, 2013). It has also been reported that California also spent over four billion dollars on the death penalty ever since it was allowed again back in the year of 1978, and currently spends ...view middle of the document...

It was considered a very serious defense along with crimes such as rape, murder, heresy, and witchcraft (Fridell, 2003). Captain George Kendall was the first person who was executed. He was hanged for treason The execution took place in the Jamestown Colony of Virginia in 1608. The most influential country for the use of capital punishment in the United States was the Britain. The first woman to be executed in the United States was Jane Champion. She was executed for murder in 1632 in James City, Virginia (Fridell, 2003). However, in the Eleventh century, William the Conqueror forbid the use of execution as a punishment for any crime except for times of war. Despite this, about seventy-two thousand people were predicted to have been executed while Henry VIII was under the reign. Throughout the two centuries coming, the capital crime rate decided to rise. Two hundred and twenty-two crimes became eligible to be punished by death, such as stealing, and cutting down trees around the 1700s ("Introduction to the Death Penalty," ). A lot of juries turned down pleas to convict offenders if their crimes were not serious because the laws for capital punishment were considered too harsh. This led to revisions of the death penalty in Britain. Capital punishment was wiped out for over one-hundred out of the two-hundred crimes that were punishable by execution around the years of 1823 to 1837 (Randa, 1997).
There were many procedures used for capital punishment in history, such as lethal injection, electrocution, the gas chamber, hanging, and the fire squad. Oklahoma became the first state to use the lethal injection in 1977 as a way of execution. On December 2, 1982, Charles Brooks became the first person to be executed by lethal injection (Nisbit, 1987). Today, only thirty-five out of the thirty six states use the lethal injection as a procedure of execution. Hanging was the initial procedure of execution in Indiana and Britain before 1909. Before the offender would be able to be hanged, he or she would have to be weighed before the execution day, and for the preparation for the execution, a sandbag that is the same weight as the prisoner would have to be used in order to make sure that the execution will be a success. Executions by the electric chair became prominent from 1913 to 1994. On the year of 1888, New York City first electric chair that was built for this method. The first person to ever have been executed with the electric chair was William Kemmler in 1890. While electrocution is not used as the primary method of execution in any state, it used to be the leading method in the state of Nebraska until the Supreme Court deemed it as unlawful in February 2008 (Carmen, 2008). For the gas chamber execution, the use of cyanide gas was made known in the year of 1924 in the state of Nevada. The first person to have been executed with this method was Gee Jon (Bohm, 1999). While five state today has the gas chamber as a method of execution, the...

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