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‘Capital Punishment Is The Only Real Way To Deter Potential Criminals’ Discuss And Evaluate How Introducing Capital Punishment Fulfills The Aims Of Criminal Sanctions

1311 words - 6 pages

Liam O'Shea'Capital punishment is the only real way to deter potential criminals' Discuss and evaluate how introducing capital punishment fulfils the aims of criminal sanctions.We read stories of ancient times where grand armies march and conquer vast lands, killing thousands of inhabitants and executing their leaders in front of the masses. These events to us seem medieval and brutal; however we only need to go a certain distance to find these events in real life, a reality to many. Capital punishment is the legal practice of lawfully taking someone's life, a practice that is performed by 58 countries. However, one must look at recidivism rates and understand the difference between a ...view middle of the document...

This difference in the way criminal sanctions are performed give society the ability to see what works, and what doesn't. Recidivism rates are a good guide at determining this. Recidivist is a person who continually commits crimes despite being punished on other occasions. In Australia, a country without capital punishment, recidivism rates across the country come to 38.2% whilst in the US, 67.5% of prisoners were reinstated in prison. The question then comes into force, does capital punishment help curb recidivism rates and fulfil criminal sanctions? Or are we murdering murderers for no benefit at all? According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the United States' gaol population equates for 0.94% of the US resident population, which is 743 inmates per 100,000 law abiding citizens, 5.65 times more than Australia. These numbers truly show that the prison population in the US is much larger than Australia's. The answer behind all of this may be the way men and women are rehabilitated in prison. According to the Australian Institute of Criminology, rehabilitation of prisoners does work and those who undertake these courses are more likely to stay out of that group of 38.2% reoffenders. However all this information cannot be upheld without the mentioning of the fact that these criminals, as violent as they are, are humans and they, just like you and me, have rights.It seems quite contradictive and hypocritical that justice systems around the world are able to take someone's life away from them if they have done the same to another. It seems even worse when it is possible for them to take the lives away from people who have only done harm to themselves through the instances of drug trafficking or homosexual acts. People have rights, and these rights should not be limited to only law-abiding citizens. In Australia, we as citizens or as visitors within the Australian borders are given 5 expressed Constitutional rights, statutory protection and treaties and conventions that the Australian Government has signed. It is these treaties and conventions that secure the right of prisoners that are in detention and one of these treaties that Australia and many other UN member nations have signed is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states in Article 3 that "Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person", then later followed by Article 5 "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." These two key articles are one of many other articles of...

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