Capital punishment is the legal and authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime. The person can be sentenced to die by lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, a firing squad or hanging. Since 1976 over 1300 executions have taken place. Recently states have started abolishing the death penalty in favor of life in prison sentences. The death penalty is currently used in 32 states in the United States Capital punishment is a complicated moral decision that deserves research and discussion. First, we will examine the arguments in favor of capital punishment. Second, the ethical arguments against capital punishment. Third, the application of capital sentences. Lastly, we will discuss the moral and logical dilemma of capital punishment. Capital punishment is unethical and should be banned.
It is important to understand the process of a capital sentence In order to be able to understand and discuss the morality of capital punishment. Only certain crimes are punishable by death. These crimes vary by state but nearly all states include some variation of aggravated first-degree murder. Capital cases take more time and cost more money to prosecute than similar cases with the penalty of life in prison. After the appeal process has been exhausted an execution date is set. Beginning 30 days prior to the execution the prisoner is evaluated and monitored. The day before, the prisoner is moved to a "death-watch" cell and is allowed to see visitors and spiritual advisors. The evening before the prison is given his last supper before being allowed television, radio and soda. Thirty minutes before the execution, the prison is given a change of clothes before being escorted to the execution chamber. After the warden has issued the official execution order, a lethal dose of each Sodium pentothal, pancuronium bromide and potassium chloride is administered. The prisoner is then declared dead by a physician. This outlines the typical execution process in the United States.
First, there are many arguments in support of capital punishment,. Two of the strongest arguments are deterrence and the call for retribution. First, people have no greater fear than death, because of this fear the threat of death should be enough to deter people from committing capital crimes. However, states with the death penalty do not have lower rates than states with out the death penalty (Death). Second, the right for the victim or victim's family to have retribution. An eye for an eye is not justice it is revenge. The death of the criminal does not right any wrongs or bring the victim back to life. While the arguments in support of capital punishment deserve consideration, capital punishment is not a deterrent or a moral means of justice.
Now, one of the main arguments against capital punishment is the right to life. Each person has an unspoken right to life meaning that we all have the right to be alive. This is a right that cannot be taken away from someone. This...