Captive Breeding In Panda Bears Essay

1882 words - 8 pages

Maximizing the Environmental enrichment of Panda's in Captive BreedingIntroductionHuman beings play a major role in shaping biodiversity as well as the landscape. As the human population increase, the demand for natural resources continues to increase, leaving a small percentage of the earth that is not affected by human activities. These activities have gone further to affect even the protected areas as well as natural reserves in one way or another. Although there is much effort to protect the environment and conserve biodiversity, there is still conflict between wildlife conservation and social economic development. Continuous human activities have posed a threat to wildlife in particular, driving certain animals close to extinction. One species of animals that have been affected is the giant panda. Conservation of captive populations plays a crucial role in the survival of Panda population. Giant panda has been declining for thousands of years due to hunting by humans and climatic changes. Its populations originally extended throughout most of southern and eastern China, northern Myanmar, and northern Vietnam. By 1900, it occurred only in the Qinling Mountains and along the edge of the Tibetan plateau. Soon after 1900, the expansion of agriculture upstream along principal river valleys separated this distribution into separate regions in six mountain ranges. Small, isolated populations also face a greater risk of inbreeding, which can lead to reduced resistance to disease, less adaptability to environmental changes and reproductive problems. Pandas stand a much greater chance of extinction if they remain isolated from each other. The greatest threat to panda survival is the loss and degradation of its habitat. The giant panda's range is steadily shrinking as logging operations harvest vegetation for fuel. In the first ever mass survey that took place in 1974, the researchers estimated that there were around 1,000 -1,100 giant pandas in the wild. In the 2nd ever survey, done in 1988 around 1,000 animals were thought to exist. One effort to increase giant panda populations has been to breed them in captivity. This program, which occurs at zoos or research facilities where ideal breeding conditions are created, has been quite successful. This paper thus investigates the effect of human activities on the population of giant panda, and the need to create reserves for this species.Literature reviewIt is apparent that most wildlife species view natural places as their habitat. However, human activities have interfered with these habitats posing a threat to the existence of most species. In this regard, human activities include household structures, human needs and wants, population demography, actions such as deforestation and charcoal burning as well as perception toward wildlife conservation. This has subsequently altered the wildlife habitat condition, making it hard for some species to thrive (Liu, Ouyang and Taylor, 2006). It is from the...

Find Another Essay On captive breeding in panda bears

Killer Whale in Captivity Essay

2418 words - 10 pages killer whales, they started to learn more and more about them. In the past, people generally thought of orcas to be scary, violent creatures. “The image of this black-and-white marine icon has been rehabilitated from fearsome killer to cuddly sea panda…There have been approximately 200 orcas held in captivity, wild-caught and captive-born” (Rose). Soon after the first capture, public opinion went from total fear to complete admiration. Today

The Zoo Controversy Essay

1585 words - 6 pages harmful to animals. However, zoos are beneficial for several different reasons, including, animal conservation and captive breeding, scientific studies, healthcare, and education. Daniel Martin, writer for, wrote an article about Angela Smith who works as a Labor’s Charities Minister. Smith is strongly opposed to zoos and thinks they should be banned in Britain. Smith describes zoos as “cruel relics of the Victorian Era,” (Martin

America's Zoos

2325 words - 9 pages numbers (Diamond, 1995). Measures are taken when there is still enough reproductive animals to strengthen the species. The earlier the captive breeding programs start, the more successful they will be. Without sufficient numbers, inbreeding may occur which will eventually lead to more problems. So these programs are very important in the efforts to try to save these special species. One of the biggest benefits of captive breeding is that the

Should Wild Animals Be Kept In Captivity?

1143 words - 5 pages On February 24, 2010, Trainer Dawn Brancheau was killed by a captive killer whale which dragged her into its tank (McCarthy). This is not the only case where a trainer of ordinary person has been put in harm’s way because what is supposed to be a wild animal is being held in captivity. Wild animals should not be kept in captivity because it can lead to mental illness and abnormal behavior. Capturing wild animals for entertainment is not a new

The Endangered Species Act

1260 words - 5 pages of the Southern Beaufort Bay and the Western Hudson Bay polar bears since 1987. These two populations have seen a decline in cub survival and the skull size of adult males (Polar Bears). Polar bears favor survival over reproduction and postpone reproduction if living conditions are harsh. Breeding occurs in the spring before they know whether there will be enough resources for survival. The embryo may take a year to develop

Technological and Ethical Concerns of Cloning

3014 words - 12 pages keeping are insufficient for natural procreation or until a sustainable rate of breeding can be obtained. Panda Bears, known scientifically as Ailuropoda melanoleuca, are notorious for difficult breeding. Using SCNT and male Panda gametes, female panda gametes can be used to produce embryos. These embryos could then be grown using in vitro fertilization of the female panda. Though the processes used to perform SCNT are inadequate for efficient

Aniamls are Dangerous

1831 words - 7 pages why some zoos have resorted to doping neurotic bears with anti-depressants to try to curb their anxiety? Or that zoos and aquariums keep a supply of antacids on hand because so many captive dolphins develop ulcers” (Winders)? Costa Rica closes down those zoos because the facilities cannot take care of those animals properly, thus those animals would be healthier in the wild. The animals being healthy and happy is what important. Costa Rica sets an

Abuse of Animals in the Circus

1731 words - 7 pages of the animals?” According to the LCA, “A lot of people mistakenly believe that captive breeding will help elephants and other species becoming extinct.” In fact, “elephants that are born in the breeding centers of circuses can never be returned to the wild.” LCA also discuses the toll this has on the animals behavior due to them being raised in a controlled captive environment. “Elephants are very social creatures and they form tight bonds with

Black Bear Population in New Jersey

1678 words - 7 pages neutered during their winter physicals. Admittedly it would take several years to make a dent in the population, but the plan would not harm a single bear and still prevent too much breeding from occurring. Black bears, genuinely non-aggressive animals, hunters kill more people than do black bears. The human tolerance for the black bear is down. In 1995, 285 complaints were recorded last year, 1,659 complaints were recorded and an additional 600

Should Animals Be Kept in Captivity

2110 words - 8 pages exotic animals claim to be helping in the attempt at conservation, very few captive breeding programs actually address the real threats facing imperiled animals in the wild, such as destruction of habitat. Industries that use captive animals, like circuses use abusive methods for training such as cattle prods, hooks, blunt instruments, and chains. (McQuaid) Animals shouldn’t be used in captivity for any reason at all. Unless they discover a way to

Save the Endangered Animals

959 words - 4 pages Could you imagine a world without tigers, the giant panda, or the rhinoceros? What a paler place it would be. Astonishing amounts of animals are considered critically endangered and near extinction. If we would like these animals to be around for future generations, we cannot hesitate in our efforts to help them. Rhinoceros - Sadly, the White, Black and Javan rhinoceros are all on the critically endangered list. The Indonesian Javan Rhino is

Similar Essays

Study Of Giant Panda Digestion And Survival

2076 words - 8 pages in Giant Panda Feeding Behavior: Relationships to Bamboo Plant Part Consumption”, The goal of this study was to show a quantitative analysis of bamboo plant part selection using captive giant pandas during different seasons and also to evaluate their foraging strategy over several years. Determining when the seasonal switch in bamboo plant part consumption occurs can offer insights into feeding behavior and can maybe provide the basis for

The Giant Panda Paradigm Essay

1358 words - 5 pages The Giant Panda Paradigm The Giant Panda is a creature of mystery. Adults and children alike appreciate it for its cute, fuzzy, lovable qualities, but it is an animal that is in desperate need of immediate attention. Scientists know the basics: how and what they eat, where and how they live, and how they reproduce. The fact remains, however, that this universally loved national symbol of China is facing the threat of extinction. What

The South China Tiger Essay

1002 words - 4 pages 2000. The problem with the breeding of tigers within the zoo is that “many were bred as the second, third or fourth generations from the same father tiger. Hereditary diseases appeared in captive bred tigers caused by…inbreeding” (State Forestry Administration, 2000). Below is further discussion about the dangers of inbreeding and the lack of genetic variability within a species. The problems with a species having such a low number of

How To Protect Endangered Wildlife Essay

1333 words - 5 pages shooting these animals for their hides and ivory that they can sell on the black market for a hefty price. Four animal species that are being affected by habitation loss and poaching are The Cross River Gorilla, The Giant Panda Bear, Polar Bears, and Tigers. Figure 1 Deforestation in the Amazon ( The Cross River Gorilla lives in the rainforests and in the rainforest where most of the deforestation