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Car Struts Essay

1092 words - 4 pages

Car struts are used at the front end on each front-wheel drive vehicle. They are similar to shock absorbers, but have more qualities than shock absorber and a different name. A strut will integrate various suspension parts inside one compact assembly. This usually includes coil spring, spring seats, shock absorbers, strut bearing and steering knuckle.
The shock absorber part of the strut is the part that is serviced the most inside the strut assembly. As the strut has many different components inside one assembly, it can serve multiple purposes. The spring inside the strut is able to support the weight of the vehicle, while the vehicle is moving, so that it can adjust to the road irregularities. The internal shock absorber present can dampen the movement of the spring when it compresses and starts rebounding itself when the vehicle starts traveling.
One must check the strut of his or her own vehicle once a year and it should be always done with a conjunction along with the wheel alignment. Under normal circumstances the shock absorber portion, which is the carriage of the strut, will wear out and there will be losses in the ride quality of your vehicle. However, there are some signs that tell you when you need to replace the strut like bottoming out, excessive bouncing, rocking back and forth, drifting when breaking and swaying.
If your vehicle indicates that it needs a strut service, it may be a good time to change the coil springs as well. The reason you must do this because you will have to remove them when replacing struts and it will save your labor cost when you do two things together. Here are some simple steps on how to replace struts.

• The first step for replacing the strut will be loosening the bolts that secure the wheel, but you must not remove them. Now open the hood and loosen the bolts that secure the strut assembly from the strut tower. You will have to lift the car with car jack; the spare tire jack of your vehicle will also work. Place the jack where you will place it for removing the tire. Once the car is in air, use jack stands for securing the car in place. You must place the jack stand besides the jack beneath the car, so that if the jack fails then the car will not fall. Now, start removing the wheels, and place some blocks under the control arm and leave a gap of 3-4 inches.
• Open the hood of your vehicle and start looking for the strut tower. This will be usually located in the central point of the inside fender well and will be similar to cylinders. These towers will be held in place with three small bolts, you will have to remove the strut tower bolts. When you do this, the assembly may fall so be careful about that. Now move towards the inside of the fender well and start following the strut until it ends. There will be two to three large bolts holding the strut on the steering knuckle. You will have to remove these large bolts by first taking out the nuts and then you must hammer them out of the...

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