This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Carbon Sequestration At St. Lawrence University

1636 words - 7 pages

Forests are a critical player when it comes to the carbon cycle. Every year, forests store more than 1.0 x 1015 metric tons of carbon in biomass, detritus, and soils (Dixon et al.). The storing of this carbon dioxide is very important to our planet and threshold that allows humans to thrive. Climate change is occurring, but would be accelerating much faster without carbon sinks like our forests that store the carbon dioxide humans have emitted. Carbon sequestration is defined as “the prevention of greenhouse gas build-up in the earth's atmosphere by methods such as planting trees to absorb carbon dioxide or pumping carbon dioxide into underground reservoirs” (Collins English Dictionary). Trees are able to sequester and store carbon through the process of photosynthesis: 6H20 + 6CO2 + light energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2.
At St. Lawrence University, the institution has a climate action plan that sets a goal of becoming carbon net-zero by 2040. In order to meet that goal, the school has to reduce its carbon emissions in various ways such as increasing energy efficiencies or purchasing renewable energy credits. However, since the institution is endowed with a few thousand trees, we [St. Lawrence University] should include carbon sequestration as a scope to meet our climate action goal by 2040. In order to account for the sequestered carbon, it is important to note how to go about measuring the storing of carbon dioxide in trees and accessing a few mechanisms that promote the accounting of carbon sequestration as a viable solution to climate change mitigation such as Chicago Climate Exchange and REDD+.
To measure how much carbon is stored, it is easier to separate the two carbon sequestration mechanisms: storing above ground in the tree itself and storing carbon in the soil. Another factor in determining the carbon stock is the size of the area being measured. Certain methods are more applicable to measuring large or small plot sizes than other methods. For smaller plots that can be measured easily by going out into the field, the data will be more precise to the amount carbon that is sequestered by the tree above and below ground. For estimation purposes, I will only cover a few techniques to measure above ground carbon storage.
There are several ways in which it can be measured, they are: fixed area plots, point sampling with prisms, meteorological, and using satellite radar. Fixed area plots and point sampling prisms both use allometric equations method to estimate biomass from measured tree dimensions. With fixed area plots and point sampling prisms determine the tree dimensions such as diameter at breast height (DBH). Prism sampling is an efficient technique for larger stands. Fixed area plots require more time and tend to be more specific about what trees lie in the measured plot. See the document Tool for Estimation of Stocks in Carbon Pools and Emissions from Emission Sources under references to view the extensive formula...

Find Another Essay On Carbon Sequestration at St. Lawrence University

Humans are Responsible for Global Warming

997 words - 4 pages scientific method was recently tested. In May 2013, scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory believe they have found a way to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it into other usable gases. While the test conducted was a small-scale test, if capable of running on a larger scale the possibility exists this process could remove carbon dioxide from our atmosphere. “A common challenge to the idea of air capture is

Daniel Dau Essay

728 words - 3 pages Carbon dioxide is the natural, colorless, odorless gas; it is stable at room temperature. It is produced by living things as a waste product of a respiration, which is then utilized by plants to form food through photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide is a compound of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atoms. It has double covalent bonds which bonded between two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. It is naturally present in the atmosphere as a part of the

Carbon Dioxide- Good and the Bad Script

1587 words - 7 pages could be disastrous. There are ways that science addresses this problem: Fuel switching: Use of fuels with low amounts of carbon and use of renewable energy resources. Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS): A set of technologies that can greatly reduce CO2 emissions from new and existing coal, industrial processes (gas plants). Geoengineering: The manipulation of the earth’s climate by scientific means. The first fuel switching technology

Ironing out carbon - One mans solution to carbon sequestration

2029 words - 8 pages . Finding solutions      In April of 2001 the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography invited an international group of experts to converge and discuss the research and possibilities of utilizing ocean fertilization. The conference concluded (, 2001) •     Achieving an ideal degree of carbon sequestration would cause a major alteration of the ecosystems involved. •   &nbsp

Causes and Solutions of Deforestation

1113 words - 5 pages . When we look at Contreras-Hermosillas table 2 on comparing local and global market and non-market values carbon storage exceeds the sum total of all other market values indicating that carbon storage is a value that if paid for by the world and in particular the countries that do not have rainforests yet benefit from their existence for carbon sequestration, the incentive would be there positivly aligning the values between privare agents objectives

The Challenges of Non-timber Forest Ecosystem Services Approach

1760 words - 8 pages service will vary at various levels: local, regional, national, and International. According to Kremen et al (2000 at Eftec 2005), there are different points of view at national and international levels upon forest conservation issues. They say that at national level, their concern is more about financial benefits, while at international is more concern about conservation benefits such as carbon storage and sequestration (Eftec 2005). To foster

Carbon Credits & Forestry - Analyzing the ITC Khammam Initiative

3997 words - 16 pages SequestrationCarbon sequestration is the process by which atmospheric carbon dioxide is taken up by trees, grasses, and other plants through photosynthesis and stored as carbon in biomass (trunks, branches, foliage, and roots) and soils. The sink of carbon sequestration in forests and wood products helps to offset sources of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, such as deforestation, forest fires, and fossil fuel emissions.Sustainable forestry practices can increase

Should the Australian Government Promote Carbon Capture and Storage

978 words - 4 pages subterranean geological structures. Geological formations are currently considered the most promising sequestration sites. Australia has large areas suitable for CCS and the government has opened them up for that purpose. Scientists (Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute. 2014) are now generally confident that once carbon dioxide has been deposited it will not escape into the earth’s atmosphere. CCS entails sequestering billions of

Soil Organic carbon

783 words - 4 pages ., 2005; Von Lützow et al., 2006). Appropriate assessment of the spatial variability pattern and reserves of SOC, especially at national and sub-national scales, is an essential step when evaluating sequestration potentials (Liu et al., 2011). The world SOC reserves has been projected to be about 1400–1500 Pg Carbon at a depth of 100 cm soil layer (Post et al., 1982; Eswaren et al., 1993; Batjes, 1996), which is around twice the amount of C in the

Carbon Sinks In the Oceans Analysis

1926 words - 8 pages ). Carbon dioxide is generally transferred into the water via gas exchange at the air-sea interface (Orr and Sarmiento 1992). The amount of carbon deposited into the water from the land systems is dependent on the climate changes such as temperature and amount of ice coverage (Oswood et al. 1996). The higher in latitude the body of water is, the more susceptible it is to anthropogenic disturbances that effect the terrestrial ecosystems (Oswood et al

An Analysis of Policy and Business Solutions To Global Climate Change

3310 words - 14 pages ozone (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 2014). Further, research reveals that the levels of greenhouse gases has increased between the base periods of 1961 and 1990, with a warming of the atmosphere accompanying the increase in carbon dioxide levels (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 2014). These trends will have serious consequences for humans around the globe. The reason that climate changes impact human life

Similar Essays

Energy Management: The Carbon Management Plan At Tje University Of Hertfordshire

918 words - 4 pages This research will be looking at sustainability within the higher education sector with a focus on CO2 reduction through energy management in the University of Hertfordshire (UH). Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions come from various sources, mainly from the burning of fossil fuels which are deposits of organic material excavated from the ground. Fossil fuels can be processed into various forms of fuel e.g. coal, gas, oil etc. and are used in the

This Paper Is A Deeper Look At The Bhagavad Gita And The Meanings Of Krishna As A God. Lawrence University/Freshman Comp. Essay

991 words - 4 pages free will, and can decide whether follow his duty to Krishna, however it is apparent that Arjuna must ultimately follow his duty to Krishna and is further is not actually free to fully decide which action to take, he doesn’t choose to not follow his duty and is instead is driven by action to act according to his duty. By looking at these passages as well as, interpreting these passages to mean that Krishna is the supreme ruler of the world in

China's Coal: A Dirty Business Essay

2082 words - 9 pages , International Energy Agency, Paris IEF (International Energy Forum) (2009), GreenGen Project: Update and Outlook, International Energy Forum. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2005), Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA. LBNL (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ) (2011), China’s energy and carbon emissions: outlook

The Strength And The Weaknesses Of Pay For Ecosystem Services (Pes)

2375 words - 10 pages preserving and adding to the world’s forest canopy as the best natural means for minimizing the impact of global warming caused by the 5.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide generated by factories and automobiles each year. Another strength of this PES program is that Carbon Sequestration Can Help Mitigate Carbon Dioxide Emissions. On the technological front, engineers are hard at work developing man-made ways to capture the carbon spewing from coal