This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Carbon Supply Chains Essay

3303 words - 14 pages

Carbon emission has been considered as a potential threat to biotic system and therefore, there is a worldwide consensus to develop policies that address carbon related concerns at each level: policy making, extraction, processing, production, transportation, inventory and their operations throughout the original or extended product lifecycle and so on. Therefore, policy makers in different countries have put industries to voluntarily or mandatorily reduce carbon emissions to a certain level. The whole attempt is to reduce carbon emission to atmosphere to a sustainable level. For countries, which have ratified Kyoto Protocol, for example, there have been mandatory reduction requirements on lowering carbon emissions. Although various mechanisms are made in order to facilitate the reduction in requirements, the impact of such mechanisms is rather long term and therefore, there is a need for continuous innovation on policies and processes for carbon reduction at different levels of the whole supply chain of products and human activities.

In general, carbon emission is considered in the forward supply chain, but it is also an important to consider the reverse chain which requires, recollection, refurbishing, reusing and disposing. A considerable research has been done on sustainable operations and industrial ecology (e.g. lifecycle analysis, environmental certification, and ISO standards) but little research is done in reorganizing the supply chains in the face of carbon constraints and carbon costs.

Researchers around the world are working simultaneously on various innovative processes and innovative operation models, mathematical models in order to be able to reduce carbon emissions through such provisions as inventory control, better transportation methods, or fewer transportation nodes, dynamic lot size, choice of efficient transportation mode in the total spectrum of supply chain, location and volume of inventory, bulk inventory versus distributed inventory, and lean logistics. For all these, generic framework for attaching carbon related emissions in each part of the supply chain becomes necessary. Therefore, relation between buyers and vendors for a coordinated reduction in carbon emission would also be necessary.

The modeling of supply chain spectrum today is generally focused on achieving economic efficiency, through location and allocation of resources, processing capabilities and capacities, postponement and marketing, and take back (if mandated) of the products in the market. For economic efficiency, studies have used economic models, economic order quantity (EOQ) model, linear, non-linear models, and other mathematical and analytical models.
There have been some recent attempts to consider the supply chains in terms of optimization beyond economic efficiency. Authors have used environmental related aspects in supply chain, specially related to carbon emission. Therefore, such economic policies as centralized or decentralized...

Find Another Essay On carbon supply chains

What is 3D printing? Essay

961 words - 4 pages well as resulting in far less expenses as compared with finding offsite facilities to produce the prototypes. 3D printers can also be used to design industrial products as well as for manufacturing operations but on a small scale, (Pilon, 2013). Impact of 3D printing on supply chains 3D printing has the ability to transform the manufacturing industry while having a significant impact on the supply chain. Traditionally a supply chain process

Comparison of Supply Chain Management Practices

5906 words - 24 pages This report provides a comparison of the supply chain management practices of Wal-Mart and Toyota. Comparison was done after researching, examining, and analysing each company’s supply chain management practices, in relation to each company’s values and philosophy. Comparison was done in five sections, by examining strategic alliances, procurement and outsourcing, challenges and risks, sustainable strategies, and efficient supply chains in

Chromosomes

3818 words - 15 pages . Chromosomes are made of DNA. DNA is a very large molecule (polymer) made from smaller molecules (monomers) called nucleotides. There are different kinds of nucleotide in a DNA molecule.A nucleotide is made of a nitrogenous base, a pentose sugar (a 5-carbon sugar) and a phosphate groupThe structure of DNAThe DNA molecule has two chains of nucleotides. The chains are weakly linked together by bonds called hydrogen bonds. These bonds link a base in

The Applications and Making of Artificial Diamonds

1690 words - 7 pages The Applications and Making of Artificial Diamonds Diamonds are very unique. Their hardness and beauty have enticed people for many years. Now some of the same attributes that make them appealing also make them useful. To understand these attributes the chemistry of carbon is very important. This unique chemistry is what makes them so hard to make. Much research has gone into the making of diamonds and this has led to many successes

gfgf

1540 words - 7 pages technology that will help the reduce the amount of plastics in landfills and usage of fossil fuels. Many of the products people used everyday are made from plastic. Plastics consists of polymers which are chemical compounds made up of long chains of smaller molecules. Plastic is a necessity in the current society, although to manufacture, it requires a fossil fuel. Fossil fuels are carbon-based fuel sources, such as oil and gas which is made from

The Purchasing Process of Woolworths

972 words - 4 pages development, China Textile 8 (2003), 57–59 Dong, S., Xu, S.X. and Zhu, K.X. (2009), “Information technology in supply chains: the value of IT-enabled resources under competition”, Information Systems Research, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 18-32. Elwood, Holly; Case, Scot. Greener Management International. Spring2000, Issue 29, p70. 25p. 2 Black and White Photographs, 1 Diagram, 1 Graph. , Database: Business Source Complete. Green, K., Morton, B., and New

Global Warming

763 words - 3 pages SHORT TERM SOLUTIONS FOR GLOBAL WARMING 745 words It has been few years since I read news about a project for leading some of the sunlight of Turkey to a country of North Europe. In fact, I was not surprised. They have lack of sunlight and turkey has it, just a supply and demand matter. I do not know whether they have tried to proceed that project or not, but everyone knows that humanity will face serious problems about climate soon. Although we

Chemistry and Carbohydrates

1059 words - 4 pages photosynthesis. They store energy in the form of starch or glycogen in animals and humans. They provide energy through metabolism pathways and cycles. Carbohydrates also supply carbon for synthesis of other compounds. (Berdanier, Pgs 45-47). Metabolism occurs in animals and humans after the ingestion of organic plant or animal foods. In the cells a series of complex reactions occurs with oxygen to convert. For example glucose sugar into the

Globalization and Sustainable Development

1986 words - 8 pages economic growth and/or expansion resulting in a complex set of interrelationships. These interrelationships are especially volatile in business settings (Toscano, 2003) This paper will deal with Globalization’s environmental, social and economic implications, (with a focus on global sourcing, supply chains and CSR) for business managers and will identify and evaluate company specific best practices. Business implications The issue of

Australia Must Reduce Petroleum Dependence

1314 words - 5 pages & Robinson, 2006). The United States faced a similar problem of oil demands exceeding production limits, and aimed to fill this gap by importing oil. Whilst this is also an option for Australia, it should be avoided as it would place economic strains on our nation by creating a dangerous dependency on foreign imports to fill the supply and demand gap. The Minister for Resources and Energy stated, “Australia has a $16 billion trade deficit in

Theory of the Origin of Life being Underwater Hydrothermal Vents

1393 words - 6 pages Theory of the Origin of Life being Underwater Hydrothermal Vents According to the Bible, God created the first man, Adam, from the soil and the first woman, Eve, from Adam’s rib. These events happened in the Garden of Eden almost six thousand years ago. That is one of the many beliefs of how carbon based life forms, otherwise referred to as living organisms, came to exist on Earth. Since the beginning of man’s reign on earth he has tried

Similar Essays

Emerging Trends Supply Chain Trends Essay

544 words - 3 pages . Initiatives like the Sustainable Shipping Initiative, (SSI) which looks to improve carbon emissions among businesses and manufacturers worldwide. In addition, commercial customers are under increased pressure to address sustainability concerns throughout their supply chains. Businesses can significantly improve their performance by working with suppliers, shippers, distributors, and customers to improve its logistics activities. Businesses can further

Large Molecules In The Structure And Functioning Of Cells

1251 words - 5 pages ). At room temperature, fats are solids and oils are liquids. Triglycerides are made up of 3 fatty acid chains attached to a glycerol molecule. In the fatty acid chains the carbon atoms may have single bonds between them making the lipid saturated. These are usually solid at room temperature and are called fats. If one or more bonds between the carbon atoms are double bonds, the lipid is unsaturated. These are usually

Storing The Impossible: Hydrogen Essay

1147 words - 5 pages storage to become a realistic source of energy (Advanced Materials and Processes, 2005, pg. 30). Another form of hydrogen storage using the properties of carbon is in nanosponges (Baker, 2005, p.82). Nanosponges consist of long carbon chains that are connected by metal atoms (Baker, 2005, p.82). These molecules ‘frame’ tiny cavities that are connected by windows when they are crystallized (Baker, 2005, p.82). Baker’s (2005) study found the following

Effects Of Carbon Dioxide Essay

1289 words - 6 pages people directly and in supply chains (TUC 2014). Not only that,CCS can attract investments.The development of CCS in the UK will cause a new industrial sector with the potential of earning trillions of dollars a year. This emerging sector would definitely attract investors to invest in the CCS industry (CCSA 2014) .It is estimated by 2030, CCS will give rise to £6.5billion a year in the UK.The CCS industry could be as big as the