Heart Attacks Essay

1262 words - 5 pages

Heart attacks cause the death of millions of people per year. In this paper I will talk about the scientific names for heart attacks, the main causes of heart attacks, the symptoms of them, the treatments for them, and the last thing we will talk about is who is at risk for having a heart attack. But, before we can talk about these things we really should determine what heart attack really means."Heart Attack (noun):an acute episode of heart disease (as a myocardial infarction) due to insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle, especially when caused by a coronary thrombosis or a coronary occlusion (American Heritage, 95)."The big scientific names for heart attacks are myocardial infarction or in some cases acute myocardial infarction, and sometimes it is also called a coronary occlusion. A heart attack is a short lived form of heart disease. It is a coronary artery disease because it normally occurs in the coronary artery.The cause of a heart attack is not very complicated. Simply stated in scientific terms as myocardial infarction it basically means that the coronary artery becomes so clogged that the myocardium or heart muscle does not receive any oxygen. The first recorded case of a heart attack was on December, 1928. It was spotted by a Chicago physician by the name of James B. Herrick. He said that what appeared to be something else was actually a blood clot (thrombosis) which generally destroys the heart muscle therefore causing a myocardial infarction.Next I will talk about the symptoms of heart attacks."As plaques begin to clog the coronary arteries, several things may occur. In some cases, no symptoms are noted until a fatal heart attack or sudden death occur as the first, (and last) event. In others, no symptoms are noted at rest, but with exercise or other stress, a dull aching pain is noted in the chest, neck, jaw, upper abdomen, arm, or back. Typically, this subsides with rest (HealthFocus, 95)."The symptoms of a heart attack can sneak up upon a person like it did for Sergei Grinkov at twenty-eight years old or be a very long and draining ordeal. But in the end the result is the same, the person will have a heart attack.Thirdly I will talk about some of the treatments available for a heart attack. One treatment is described in the following quote."Coronary bypass surgery has become commonplace. The procedure consists of transplanting veins from the leg (or vessels from elsewhere in the chest) to the blocked area, bypassing or "jumping over" the obstructions. As many as four or five vessels may be bypassed, thus restoring flow to the area previously blocked off. During the operation, the heart is temporarily replaced by the "heart-lung" machine. Mortality in better centers is less than one percent (Coronary Artery..., 93)."Another kind of therapy is medical therapy, as described in the following quote."The newest group of drugs for coronary disease is called the calcium channel blockers. Calcium channels refer to the areas of the...

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