Cardio Vascular Accident Essay

942 words - 4 pages

A cerebral vascular accident is another name for a stroke. It is damage to the brain caused by a disruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain. This disturbance of blood supply can be caused by a blood clot, or by a burst artery.more than one-half million people in the United States experience a stroke each year, stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of disability, two-thirds of strokes occur in people over age 65 but they can occur at any age, strokes affect men more often than women, although women are more likely to die from a stroke. Stroke is a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment.

There are many types of stroke and all are life threatening and if not treated quickly or properly they can result in brain damage or death. Ischemic Stroke which is where arteries become blocked by a blood clot and cut off blood flow to the brain. This process is more commonly known as ischemia. Embolic Stroke is where a blot clot has formed somewhere else in the body such as the femoral artery, or heart. The clot then travels to a blood vessel in the brain small enough to block blood from being able to get to vital parts of the brain. Thrombotic Stroke is a type of stroke where multiple arteries are clogged, or obstructed by blood clots, this process is called thrombosis. Hemorrhagic Stroke is cause by a vessel in the brain hemorrhaging or breaking causing the brain to swell and fill with blood. This is also known as an aneurism. These types of cardio vascular accidents are considered the most dangerous because they are almost undetectable and must be treated quickly.

Stroke paitents need to be treated as soon as signs or sympotoms appear to increase there chances of survival. some signs and symptoms of stroke are, trouble walking and stumbling, dizziness, loss of balance or loss of cordination. also slurred speach accompanied with confusion may be a symptom of stroke. one of the mains signs of stroke is Paralysis or numbness of the arms, legs or face.paitent may develop numbness, weakness in the face, arms or legs, more specifically on one side of your body. one side of the mouth may droop when trying to smile. Trouble with eyesight, such as blurred vision in one or both eyes. also a sudden sevear headach or migraine that can render a paitent unconcious or cause vomiting.

There are significant risk factors that cause make a patient more likely for a stroke. Some of these risk factors are high blood pressure, high cholesteral, age, cigarette smoking, diabetes, being overwheight, poor diet, Obstructive sleep apnea, Heavy or binge drinking, birth control, Cardiovascular disease, including heart defects, infection or arythmia, Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and...

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