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Cardiovascular And Metabolic Disease And Sedentary Time

633 words - 3 pages

Cardiovascular and metabolic disease is a growing problem around the world today. Not only do diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease affect individuals and their lifestyles, they also affect the economy, politics, education and the professional work environment. A study performed by Laslett et al. [20], looked into statistics of individuals globally who suffer from these conditions. They found that 26.4% of males and 19.7% of females in the United States live with heart disease and two major factors in this is issue are obesity and high blood pressure. Studies such as the Wijndaele study [11], which studied a group of adults who objectively measured their sedentary ...view middle of the document...

Increased postprandial glucose and insulin spikes have been associated with increased risk for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease [14]. Minimizing these spikes are essential for cardiometabolic health [14]. In Dunstan et al., they cite various studies showing a positive correlation between physical activity and decreased postprandial glucose and insulin spikes. They studied the effects of multiple, short physical activity breaks in sedentary time as opposed to longer physical activity bouts and found that brief breaks were associated with a significant lowering of postprandial glucose and insulin levels [14]. This has implications for those who work long hours at a desk job thus not having as many opportunities to obtain the recommended amount of physical activity.
As well as sedentary time, shorter sleep duration has been shown to have adverse effects on cardiometabolic risk factors [17]. It has also been shown that short sleep duration is associated with increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome [18].
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