This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cardiovascular Death Essay

2007 words - 8 pages

Introduction
Every year an estimated 184,000 to 400,000 Americans die from sudden cardiovascular death due to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction (Cesario & William Dec, 2006). One of the treatments of choice for the patient with a life-threating ventricular tachyarrhythmia is the automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD). Studies have shown that the placement of an automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) in patients with LV systolic dysfunction significantly reduces overall mortality (Cesario & William Dec, 2006; Henyan et al., 2006).
Background and Significance
Over the past 20 years the AICD have become more complex due to technological advances and software sophistication. Today, the indication for implantation of the AICD is rapidly expanding (Schoenfeld, 2007). The use of these devices in managing a diverse population of cardiac patients is increasing. The National ICD Registry annual report for 2008 noted that the average age of patients receiving the device was 65 years old and more than 75% of the patients have 1 or more comorbid diseases (Kaufman, R. S., Mueller, S. P., Ottenberg, L. A. & Koening. A. B., 2011; Zhan, C., Baine, B. W., Sedrakyan, A., & Steiner, C., 2007). These factors contribute to the increasing numbers of patients with AICD devices in the United States. In 2008, 339,076 Americans received the device, compared to 75,000 implantations in 2001 and 34,000 in 2000 (Kaufman et al., 2011). The implication for the increasing number of patients with AICDs is that anesthesia providers will be more likely to encounter this patient population presenting for elective or emergency surgical procedures. While it is the anesthesia provider’s duty to provide safe and competent care, there are currently no set standards to guide the practice of the anesthetist in caring for the patients presenting to the operating room with an AICD. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to investigate the best evidence in managing the care of patients with AICDs undergoing surgical procedures.
Research Question
An evidence-based approach to formulating a clinical question in a structured, specific way, is the PICO format. The PICO components (Patient/population, Intervention, Comparison intervention, and Outcome) were used to assist in the articulation of the research question for he project (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2005). The population of interest (P) for the project included surgical patients with an AICD. The intervention of interest (I) was perioperative management principles, which did not include a comparison (C) intervention. The outcome (O) of interest for the project was to evaluate the rates of delay or cancellation of surgery and perioperative device malfunction. The resulting clinical question in PICO format is as follows: “In patients with AICDs, what are the safest and most effective management principles that should be followed by the anesthesia provider in order to decrease...

Find Another Essay On Cardiovascular Death

The Cardiovascular System Essay

1286 words - 6 pages One of the most important systems in the body, keeping it alive, is the cardiovascular system. As a part of the circulatory system, the cardiovascular system pumps blood throughout the body through a network of many arteries and veins, providing it with nutrients and oxygen. Also, the cardiovascular fights infections and disease in the body and creates blood cells. Never the less, blood acts as a filtration system for the body and removes waste

diabetes and cardiovascular disease Essay

1436 words - 6 pages death in patients with diabetes mellitus, accounting for 50% of all deaths (Campbell & Hillman, 2010). Impact of the Issue Circumstances Surrounding the Issue Diabetes is a treatable and manageable disease however having diabetes increases one’s risk of developing heart disease. Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by a factor of two to three at every level of systolic blood pressure (New England Journal of Medicine

Cardiovascular Effects of Diabetes Drugs

2104 words - 8 pages answer the hypothesis on cardiovascular effects? 2. Were the methods appropriate? 3. Was the interpretation of the data justified? 4. Post-marketing recommendation? 5. FDA Response? A sustained reduction of blood glucose levels with appropriate safety levels has been adequate for FDA approval of diabetic drugs. Type 2 Diabetes causes heart problems including death by cardiovascular causes, so this is a potential concern for this drug

smoking and heart disease

927 words - 4 pages Cardiovascular disease (CVD) or heart disease is a major cause of death in the world. There were approximately 17.3 million people who died from heart disease in 2008, and there will be over 23 million people who die because of heart disease by 2030 (WHO, 2014). The causes of heart disease vary due to many risk factors. Tobacco use is a major risk factor for heart disease. The globally accelerating magnitudes of heart diseases mortality and

Social Health Research

1709 words - 7 pages Introduction This study aims at providing insight and documentation into the public’s understanding of cardiovascular disease, the global leading cause of death. Data shows that a large percentage of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is preventable, however, the numbers continue to rise (WHO, 2011). The first part of the report will explain CVD and discuss the related economic burden. Next, relevant literature is reviewed to report on previous

The Prognostic Importance of Heart Rate Variability

685 words - 3 pages in 2014. This increase may be attributed to two major factors: HRV is recognised as a potential monitoring tool which can be utilized in the field of health, fitness and sports performance 2 and it can be used in a clinical setting, as a predictor of cardiac dysrhythmias and sudden mortality as well as a large number of different diseases 9. HRV is known to be a predictor of sudden cardiac death and cardiovascular death among patients

Cardiovascular Diseases

2529 words - 10 pages Cardiovascular diseases are also known as heart diseases. This is a class of diseases that affect the heart and the blood vessels. The blood vessels are the arteries, capillaries and the veins. Principally, cardiovascular diseases are diseases that affect the cardiovascular system. Therefore, they include diseases that affect the heart, vascular diseases that affect the brain and the kidney, and peripheral arterial diseases. Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular Disease in Adults

1197 words - 5 pages Cardiovascular heart (CVD) diseases in adults from rural area (1) Current scenario of cardiovascular diseases in America Cardiovascular heart diseases (CVD) are now becoming prominent cause of death in USA . {Roger, 2011 #5} In adults, Cardio vascular diseases are mainly two types "acute" and "chronic" cardiovascular disease. Acute cardiovascular diseases are mainly acute myocardial infarction and most common chronic

Research Proposal Phase A

3870 words - 16 pages . In the same way, it will be very beneficial to incorporate some approaches or interventions to decrease the sodium intake in patients with self-reported hypertension (Ayala, Gillespie, Cogswell, Keenan, & Merritt, 2012). Cardiovascular diseases are the second leading cause of death in the population between 55 to 74 years old, and the first cause of death in the population of 74 years and older, in Hillsborough County, the community where the

Statin Therapy with Niacin and their Effect on Low LDL Cholesterol in Patients

1315 words - 6 pages coronary heart disease (Lafeber, 2013). Statin therapy effects the cardiovascular system in such a way that it lowers the blood lipid and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, reducing coronary events that lead to death (Liao, Hsieh, Hung, Huang, Lin, Wang & Wu, 2013). An individual with elevated LDL cholesterol [100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L)] and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is at a higher risk of developing coronary

Long-term Effects of an Expanded Cardiac Rehabilitation Program after Myocardial Infarction or Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

1668 words - 7 pages Introduction An acute coronary syndrome is defined as a “sudden onset of myocardial ischemia which results in myocardial death, that is, a myocardial infarction.” (Citation) A myocardial infarction occurs when the blood flow is reduced in a coronary artery, usually due to excessive plaque, which results in a complete occlusion of the artery. Cardiac rehabilitation is an important aspect of continuity of care after a patient who has recently

Similar Essays

One World Essay: Smoking And Cardiovascular Health

640 words - 3 pages diseases could often lead to death. Also, cigarette smoking is very addictive because the tobacco contains nicotine which makes the user addicted to smoking. Cigarette smoking is a currently worldwide problem and should be reduced everywhere because it is the number one killer in the world. Science has been effective on solving this problem by trying to create new drugs/medicines and new surgery methods to help cure varieties of cardiovascular

Cardiovascular Disease: Annotated Bibliography Essay

3287 words - 13 pages follow up data, one of the women had died in a car crash. I had never thought about this before but it is interesting to think if this is common within many studies, especially ones for long term data analysis and how much something like a death of a person affects the data skew. Huffman, M. D., Baldridge, A., Bloomfield, G. S., Colantonio, L. D., Prabhakaran, P., Ajay, V. S. (2013). Global Cardiovascular Research Output, Citations, and

Ten Day Improvement Essay

1660 words - 7 pages Exercising will not only help you lose weight, but it will also help you improve your Cardiovascular system. When I first began learning about my cardiovascular system, I wanted to see if I could really improve my Cardio in ten days. I started jogging to see what can actually improve my cardiovascular system. I found out fast that I was out of shape. I could only run a quarter of a mile before I ran out of breath, and my heartrate got too high

Cardiovascular Disease Essay

687 words - 3 pages Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death around the world (1), killing more people than any other cause. Cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease, can be caused by environmental factors, particularly a person’s choice in life style, but is also attributed to underlying genetic factors. Cardiovascular disease causes 25% of deaths in the United Sates, to bring that fact to peoples attention the month of February has been