The leading cause of death in the United States is a heart and blood vessel disease called Cardiovascular Disease. This type of heart disease occurs when a “substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart” (CAD). This presents of plaque is made up of the excess cholesterol that embeds itself into the inner walls of the hearts coronary arteries. When this occurs it causes a condition called atherosclerosis, “the gradual build up of plaque in the blood vessels that feed your heart” (HealthiNation), preventing these arteries to properly expand and provide the flow of blood needed to keep the heart operating properly. This narrowing and hardening of the artery walls can lead to a “heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke” (Staff) that have killed half a million americans a year. Contributed to risk factors that an individual can not change and to a lack of symptoms that arise until it is to late, CVD’s symptoms can disrupt the regular motions of the heart. However, the results that do arise from these unchangeable factors can bring about a conscious effort to prolong their life by managing the way they live. The severity of an individuals reaction to CVD is mainly attributed to the make up of their DNA.
Developing CVD is sometimes unavoidable because an individuals age, gender, and
heredity can increase an individuals chances for complications from heart disease. Age, contrary to popular belief, influence of these factors have been found to develop earlier as a “result of our pitifully degraded, artificial, and overly processed food supply, the early stages of heart disease
have now been found to actually begin in childhood” (Integrated). Opposed to the middle age
demographic that has been widely accepted. However, elder men and women are higher risk for
CVD because over a life span of obtained habits the arteries are in a state of advanced atherosclerosis and is already constricting the heart of oxygen rich blood. At the age of 45 men’s prospects for heart disease climbs and women are more apt to get heart disease at 55, after the onset of menopause. The addition of an individuals family history, such as first degree (parents, siblings) and to a lesser second degree (aunts,uncles), of heart disease can double the risks for an individual to obtain CVD because their DNA has been coded for these curtain conditions that cause these complications. However, the importance to make life changes can reduce the risks of this fatal disease. Nonetheless heart disease affects all ages whether young or old and the results of the heart can be life altering.
The heart is the most important muscle in the body because it allows all major and minor body organs to function properly and the progression of CVD can advance the risks for extensive damage to this and other organs. Composed of four chamber walls, the hearts coronary arteries, before becoming deprived of oxygen rich blood from reaching the heart, can send warning...