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Cardiovascular Disease: Annotated Bibliography Essay

3287 words - 13 pages

Capingana, D. P., Magalhaes, P., Silca, A. T., Goncalves, M. A., Baldo, M. P., Rodrigues, S. L. (2013). Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic level among public-sector workers in Angola. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1-9. Doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-732
The purpose of this article was to identify the socioeconomic levels within the study group at UAN in Luanda, Angola. Within the socioeconomic levels, the researchers determined the occurrence of adjustable cardiovascular risks and the relationships among the different social levels. The study was done at the University of Agostinho Neto with 615 public sector workers, ages ranging from 20 to 71 years old. The timeline for the study was done from February 2009 to December 2010. Some of the data that was collected was personal, anthropometric (measurements of the body), biochemical, hemodynamic (blood testing), socioeconomic, and physical activity. I believe that the type of audience in which the research was conducted is for the general population. Since the study group had a diverse number of socioeconomic levels ranging from lower to upper class and equal amount of men to women, the study is for differentiating what risk factors are more present in different levels. This study helps further knowledge of women’s health and cardiovascular disease because it demonstrates how the disease affects the lower class more since they are less educated and not aware of the effects of the disease. Unique elements about this research were the fact that this was the first study to be done in Angola and the population below poverty in Angola is 33.6%. I think the research itself had very strong data but since it was only done within the grounds of employees at UAN then there could be a possible skew in the data.
Javier Felix-Redondo, F., Grau, M., Bauna-Diez, J., Degano, I. R., de Leon, A., Guembe, M., & … Fernandez Berges, D. (2013). Prevalence of obesity and associated cardiovascular risk: the DARIOS study. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1-10. Doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-542
The method and purpose presented in this article was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obese men and women in Spain and then associate those findings with cardiovascular risks. The study was done with measurements using the body mass index, waist circumference, and waist to height ratio in order to determine any cardiovascular risks that can associate with being overweight or obese. The 28,743 men and women involved in this study were between the ages of 35 to 74 years old. The study population was pooled analysis of data from eleven population based studies that were given in ten geographical areas in Spain. The results found that for both men and women, the general obesity was 28% and hypertension showed the strongest correlation with the individuals who were overweight. Overall obesity in the study population in Spain was high and data equal to over greater than 0.5 in the categories of overweight, suboptimal...

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