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Cardiovascular Disease In Adults Essay

1197 words - 5 pages

Cardiovascular heart (CVD) diseases in adults from rural area
(1) Current scenario of cardiovascular diseases in America
Cardiovascular heart diseases (CVD) are now becoming prominent cause of death in USA .
{Roger, 2011 #5}
In adults, Cardio vascular diseases are mainly two types "acute" and "chronic" cardiovascular disease. Acute cardiovascular diseases are mainly acute myocardial infarction and most common chronic cardiovascular diseases are hypertension, coronary artery diseases , COPD , cardiac myopathies et cetera. Acute cardiovascular disease are most fatal diseases while chronic heart disease are mostly degenerative. Statistical data report from American heart association shows that mortality due to cardiovascular disease are higher than other diseases. Mortality data for 2007 show that CVD accounted for 33.6% of all 2,243,712 deaths in 2007, or one of every 2.9 deaths in the United States. More than 2200 Americans die of CVD each day, an average of one death every 39 seconds. More than 150 000 Americans killed by CVD in 2007 were <65 years of age. In 2007, nearly 33% of deaths due to CVD occurred before the age of 75 years, which is well before the average life expectancy of 77.9 years {Roger, 2011 #5}.
Cardiovascular diseases in Rural area.
CVD is also highly prevalent in rural area of America. Following chart is give comparison of various disease between rural and urban area of USA .
{Carol Adaire Jones, 2009 #12}
A study conducted in 11 rural counties of Appalachian Ohio shows that there are high prevalence of CVD, strokes, obesity, and diabetes mellitus in these 11 counties in comparison to total Ohio and National 2004 BRFSS data {Schwartz, 2009 #7}. Mortality and morbidity due to CVD and stroke is also different in variable such as race, sex , age , socioeconomic status et cetera in small area. The study in all non-Hispanic African- Americans and non-Hispanic whites aged 35 to 64 in the southeastern United States show that mortality due to strokes and CVD is higher in African American than white people and mortality is also higher in rural areas and increasing with poverty {Tassone, 2009 #10} .
Most people conclude that coronary artery disease mostly occur in people with sedentary lifestyle, stress, obesity , alcohol consumption, smoking and high fat diet particularly in urban people, but morbidity and mortality due to CVD also rapidly increase in poorly develop rural area because of lacking of medical facilities in compare to urban area , poverty, smoking and alcohol consumption habit of working class people of rural area. Rural residents with good economic conditions are able to eat food with high fat diet and also due to lack of physical activity particularly people change their work from agriculture to small manufacturing business suffer from hypertension and CVD. {Barnett, 1996 #11}
There are other very important reasons for high mortality rate in rural area particularly patients suffering...

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