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Coronary Heart Disease Essay

1355 words - 6 pages

Coronary Artery Disease & Cardiac Cath Lab
We live in times of a fast pace economy, meaning always on the go, rushing trying to get everything on our daily to-do lists done. This can lead to lack of rest, increased stress, poor diet, and all around unhealthy lifestyle. Let’s face it, it’s much easier to run thru the local fast food chain and grab supper when time is not on your side. What can all of this potentially cause? Health risks, both short term and long term to an individual. Coronary heart disease is a leading cause of death in Americans in the United States. Each year 400,000 Americans die from coronary heart disease. (2) In the unfortunate case that an individual is diagnosed and faced with the disease, there are procedures that can help relieve and treat it. There is a special exam room and team of specially trained staff that conduct these procedures inside the hospitals cardiac catheterization lab.
Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease. (2) It is also one of the top causes of death in men and woman in the United States. (2) Coronary heart disease is caused when a fatty like substance, called plaque, builds up around the coronary arteries of the heart. The buildup of plaque is called atherosclerosis and this condition develops over time normally due to poor diet and lifestyle. This plaque may build up and cause an occlusion or blockage in the artery, or it can harden and overtime break open. If the plaque does build up and does break open, your body’s platelets will automatically stick to the site of injury in the artery which would possibly lead to a blood clot if enough of them clump together. Blood clots are very dangerous and life threatening, they have the capability to possibly block the entire artery which can and will cause a heart attack from lack of oxygen rich blood to the heart, specifically the heart muscle.
The heart is the body’s life pump basically; it pumps blood everywhere in the body. If there is an area that is narrowed, or what we call occluded then the blood is not going to flow thru properly. The coronary arteries specifically supply oxygen rich blood to the muscle of the heart. So what will this mean to the individual if their heart muscle is not getting proper blood flow? Well, if the flow of oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle is reduced then this could lead to angina, or possibly a heart attack as previously mentioned. Angina is medical term for chest pain or discomfort. It can be described many times by a lot of pressure or even a squeezing in the chest, this pain may radiate to the rest of body. People can easily mistake chest pain as simply indigestion, which would leave the condition misdiagnosed and deceived to the individual. Like with any other disease, signs and symptoms will vary from person to person and will also vary due to the severity of the disease. It is possible to live with coronary heart disease and not suffer from any symptoms, meaning when the...

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