Caribbean Studies Notes Essay

9523 words - 38 pages

Caribbean Studies notesModule 1 Caribbean society and cultureLocation of the CaribbeanGreater Antilles: Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), Jamaica, Puerto RicoLesser Antilles:Windward islands: Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Guadeloupe, Dominica, MartiniqueLeeward islands: Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts-Nevis, Montserrat, Anguilla, Virgin islandsNetherland Antilles: Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao (ABC"islands); Saint Marten,Saba, St. EustatiusMainland Territories: Guyana, Belize, Suriname, Cayenne (French Guyana)Others: Barbados, Trinidad & Tobago, Cayman Islands, Bahama Islands, Turks and Caicos Islandsb. Definitions of the Caribbean regionCARIBBEAN DEFINITIONSThe Caribbean is a disjunct land bridge between North and South America with an East - West stretch of almost 3000 Km and a North -South reach of some 1500 Km. Only 10% of this is land. Geographically the Caribbean is defined as the land area which has its coastline washed by the Caribbean Sea. This would mean that the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Cayman Islands and the islands of the Netherland Antilles all belong to the Caribbean. By this definition Turks and Caicos Islands and the Bahamas would however be excluded from the Caribbean. It would also include Belize, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rico; Panama, Nicaragua and Honduras and exclude the mainland territories of Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana ( Cayenne).This is the area colonized by European powers (Spanish, British, French and Dutch) and which has been deeply affected by the brand of European Colonialism. The Spanish through the encomienda system and other means exterminated the original inhabitants. The British introduced the plantation system and with it, the enslavement of Africans and the indentureship of the Chinese and East Indians. The Dutch and French not only colonized but were involved in an ongoing trade within the region. It has become common way to identify the Caribbean based on the experience of specific European colonialism. Within this historic; context has arisen a multiracial society with marked social stratification and racial hybridization.Spanish French Dutch EnglishGEOLOGICAL CARIBBEANThe Caribbean is seen as that area of the region defined by the Caribbean Plate and which therefore experiences the same tectonic, seismic and volcanic features and processes. The lands of the Caribbean are said to be formed from earth movements called Plate Tectonics. In the Caribbean about 140 million years ago the smaller Caribbean plate moved under the North American plate to be re-melted in the earth's mantle causing volcanic activities and consequently the formation of the Greater and Lesser Antilles. The islands in this Caribbean chain are believed to be the tops of submerged mountains linked to the Andean mountain range in Central America, There is a rich variety of landscape features in the Caribbean as a result of the structure of the islands and mainland's.All the mainland territories of the region...

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