978 words - 4 pages

Mathematicians have always formed a very important role in history. From the Greeks to the modern era, mathematicians have made spectacular discoveries and critical contributions to the world of mathematics. Because of great mathematicians, the human race is exploring and discovering unknown boundaries of space and technology.

The life of Carl Friedrich Gauss was full of phenomenal adventures and discoveries. He was born in Brunswick, Germany on April 30th, 1777 to poor working class parents. Gauss’ father was known as a hard worker and an honest man but heavily discouraged Gauss from attending school to follow a family trade. On the other hand, Gauss’ mother and uncle recognized his ...view middle of the document...

Next, Gauss’ studies in mathematics also included equations and theorems. While at the University of Gottenberg, he became the first mathematician to prove the quadratic reciprocity law. Also, he proved the fundamental theory of algebra in which he gave four different proofs. In 1801, Gauss proved the fundamental theory of arithmetic which states that every natural number can be represented as the product of primes in only one process. Gauss’ works in mathematical equations were highlighted by the number theory. He introduced basic congruencies and devoted a section to computational matters such as primality tests. In addition, he established a link between roots of unity and the number theory.

Aside from mathematics Carl Friedrich Gauss was fond of astronomy. In January 1801, Italian astronomer Piazzi discovered a new “planet” called Ceres but lost sight of the celestial body. Gauss took the challenge of helping to find the asteroid by using the least squares approximation method and rediscovered its orbit at age twenty-three. In 1807, Gauss was appointed professor and director of the astronomy in Gottenberg. While working there, the Gaussian gravitational constant was introduced. Next, he worked on the theory of motion of planetoids disturbed by large planets. In 1809, Gauss discussed in his second book the motion of celestial bodies in which to find an objects orbit then refining it. He would soon stop making contributions to theoretical astronomy in 1817 for unknown reasons but kept making observations until age seventy.

In concurrence with astronomy, Gauss also worked with physics. His desire to learn more as person greatly aided his drive to learn new knowledge in this field particularly electromagnetism. His contributions include the development and surveying of the magnetometer and the intensity measurement of magnetic forces. Friedrich Gauss would also discover Kirchhoff’s circuit laws of electricity. Gauss usually liked to work on his own personal account, but in 1833 the first...

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