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Carl Jung A Brillant Mind

4025 words - 16 pages

"The more a man lays stress on false possessions, and the less sensitivity he has for what is essential, the less satisfying is his life," Carl Gustav Jung was quoted in Memories, Dreams, Reflections. Such a profound thought makes one wonder what exactly are false possessions, and how may essentialness be defined. Through Jung's many years of exploration of the mind, his theory has helped many in finding the answer to these questions but most importantly, it has become one of cornerstones of modern psychology.Carl Gustav Jung was born in Kessewil, Switzerland on July 26, 1875 and lived until 1961. His family provided him with an intellectual environment right from his early days. He was taught Latin by his father at the age of six, which ignited a lifetime fascination with languages and literature. In fact, his particular interest in ancient literature would later aid him in delineating his theory full of mythological references. Jung attended a boarding school in Basel as a teenager. There, he was often made fun of by the others. The boy didn't like school and was easily stressed. His incapability to withstand competition led to an unenviable habit of fainting when under pressure. Regardless, he graduated and enrolled the University of Basel. He majored in medicine and eventually took interest in psychiatry, after working under a famed neurologist named Krafft-Ebing (Boeree).In 1900, Jung graduated with a medical degree and began working at the Burgholtzi, the Zurich mental institution and psychiatric clinic. His research of schizophrenia in 1907 gave him the opportunity to work closely with Sigmund Freud ("Carl Gustav Jung"). At the time, many regarded Jung as the heir to Freud's psychoanalysis (Cowgil). Unfortunately, as time went by, Jung began expressing his disagreements with Freud's perspectives in a more and more straightforward manner. Whereas Freud upheld sexuality to be the basis of everything relating to humans, Jung felt there was much more to life than just the expression of sex. He resented Freud's labeling of art and spirituality as "mere sexual sublimations", and finally announced his separation from Freud's vehemence on sexuality in publishing New Ways of Psychology in 1912. It was later republished as On the Psychology of the Unconscious in 1917. Consequently, the duo broke off their relationship completely in 1913, and Jung then went on to deriving his own school of analytical psychology (Neft).In Jung's theory, the psyche is divided into three sections: ego, personal unconscious and collective unconscious. Ego is the conscious mind, which is in close relation to the personal unconscious, defined as anything that has the potential to be conscious but is not in that status at present, such as memories. Finally, what makes Jung's theory unique from the rest, is his idea of collective unconscious (Boeree). This concept differs from personal unconscious in the sense that it is not acquired through personal experiences (Jung). This...

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