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Carl Rogers And George Kelly's Views On Nature And Development

3665 words - 15 pages

Carl Rogers and George Kelly's Views on Nature and Development
Many consider the science of psychology an attempt to create a
comprehensive theory of personality and therefore be able to explain
why people are alike in some ways and different in others (Jourard,
1974). In so doing, varying schools of thought have evolved. Carl
Rogers and George Kelly have been deemed by peers as having similar
overall views regarding personality, but practicing different methods
(Pervin, 1989).Their approaches to personality can be defined as
humanistic, which describes the view of accepting the 'human
qualities' of the individual; that man is born with an inherent
potential for self-actualization (Hergenhahn & Olsen, 1999). Such an
approach steers away from the idea that man is a robot, who is the
total product of outside forces, as the Behaviourist would maintain;
or that man simply results from the interaction of primal drives and
the demands of community, a belief held by many Freudians. This paper
will begin with a comparison of Kelly’s and Rogers’ theories of the
nature and development of personality and will continue with a
recommendation as to which therapist would be best suited to an 18
year old after a major life change. Rogers and Kelly are both well
known figures in the field of humanistic psychology. Each independent
theory is logical and applicable in varied circumstances and has had a
tremendous impact on the theory of personality (Roazen, 1992). In an
aim to draw similarities and contrasts of both theories and to provide
an independent account on which theory appears most suitable, a
critical evaluation of these two revolutionary Psychologists will be
attempted.

To understand the many different theories of personality you must
understand that personalities are unique. Everyone has different
experiences, parents, and lives. These differences cause all people to
view the world differently than the person next to them. There are
various thoughts of how and when personalities develop and grow. Carl
Rogers and George Kelly are two theorists who have influenced the
understanding of the nature and development of personality (Pervin,
1989).

Carl Rogers originated client-centred therapy, which is based on the
belief that individuals, rather then environment or subconscious
drives, can control their choices and values and fulfil their own
unique potential. Rogers' theory stresses that it is the individual's
own comprehension of his or her experiences that is important, rather
then the therapist's professional interpretation (Rogers, 1951).

Kelly founded what is known as the personal construct system. He
suggested that our personal constructs reflect our constant efforts to
make sense of our world, just as...

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