Carper’s Fundamental Patterns Of Knowing In Nursing

655 words - 3 pages

In Barbara Carper’s “Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing “(1978), Carper outlines four different patterns of knowing: empirics, esthetics, personal and ethics. Carper believes that all of these patterns of knowing are not mutually exclusive or sufficient on their own merit. What Carper shows is that these four patterns of knowing are intertwined and each play their role in a nurse’s knowledge base. This paper will outline Carper’s four patterns of knowing as it applies to nursing.
Empirics are important to Carper for it is the knowledge gained from science and other sources. It provides a way of knowing the world we live in with a way to gain knowledge about the field of nursing in relationship to its physical boundaries. This knowledge can help predict future events in a patient’s health while providing explanations and solutions a nurse may encounter. This pattern of knowing assists the nurse in performing their duties in relationship to disease and ...view middle of the document...

Through esthetics, the nurse will know the actions needed to mitigate dangerous situations and how to prevent similar occurrences from happening again.
Personal knowledge places importance on the perception of the lives of others through empathy and understanding. Through personal knowledge, the nurse may be able to pick up on subtle emotional cues that may hint at a need for additional care other than what their illness may require. By taking into account personal knowledge, the nurse perceives the individual as a person and not as an object and thereby focuses on patient health from a holistic perspective. This will help gain trust, which will prove useful if complications arise and when additional information may be required from the patient.
The final pattern of knowing that Carper defines is ethics. This is what Carper defines as ”matters of obligation or what ought to be done” (Carper, 1978, pg. 20). This means that the nurse must take it upon themself to establish the boundaries between right and wrong. The nurse will apply ethical decisions to specific situations and settings, knowing that the responsibility may fall solely to them. Another tricky aspect of this pattern of knowing is the idea of different ethical frameworks that exist among people. What may be ethically correct to some may be wrong for others. It is the job of the nurse to understand different frameworks and to apply them to situations as suitable as possible.
Carper’s “Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing”, is a suitable way of looking at the role of a nurse in a holistic view. Carper’s four different patterns of knowing cover many different areas that are crucial to nursing. Nurses must be confident on their epistemology of physical illness and its phenomena. This must be as strong as their ability to react to emergency situations, establish relationships and trust with patients and to be ethically aware of what may be right and wrong. Although Carper’s patterns of knowing were established in 1978, they still show value in today’s society and are still applicable to the nursing field’s diverse environment and ever-changing range of patient care.

Works Cited

Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-23.

Find Another Essay On Carper’s Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing

An Evaluation of the Four Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing

666 words - 3 pages A critical analysis of the four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing is essential for nurses to be able to grasp the complicated nature of the nursing practice. Barbara Carper (1978) lists the four patterns of knowing as: empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge, and ethics or moral knowledge (p.14). The science of nursing is called empirics and the connection of art to nursing is referred to as esthetics (Carper, 1978, p.14). These

Four Fundamental Concepts of Knowing in Nursing

889 words - 4 pages There are different types of knowledge and different ways of knowing. Four fundamental concepts of knowing in nursing highlighted by Caper (1978) are empirical, personal, ethical and aesthetic. He divided knowledge into two forms which are tacit and explicit. Tacit is insights and based on experience and not easily visible and expressible, difficult to share and communicate with others which is highly personal. Empirical sources of knowledge

Application of the Patterns of Knowing in Nursing: Esthetics

699 words - 3 pages The field of nursing is dynamic, complex, and requires a wide body of knowledge. It has evolved from a vocation to a profession and theory-based discipline. In Carper’s “Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing,” she identifies four patterns of knowing that are “essential for the teaching and learning of nursing…and what kinds of knowledge are to be of most value to the discipline of nursing.” These four patterns of knowing include empirical

Paradigms of Knowing in Communication Research

949 words - 4 pages In the scholarly journal article Paradigms of Knowing in Communication Research by Baxter & Babbie hypothesis is ways to solve the problem people have as public speaker looking into all age groups by looking at it through the lens of a communication scientist. The speaker looks into many experiments tested by others to specify different areas that help find what the problem for public speaker levels of anxiety came from or how it began. Even

CRITICAL REFLECTION ESSAY ON CLINICAL EXPERIENCE USING CARPER'S WAYS OF KNOWING - UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN/ NURSING YEAR 3 - ESSAY

1267 words - 6 pages ethics for registered nurses. Retrieved from http://www.cna-aiic.ca/ CNA/documents/pdf/publications/Code_of_Ethics_2008_e.pdf Postpartum Maternal and Newborn Discharge. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada,29(4), 357-359. White, J. (2006). Patterns of knowing: Review, critique, and update. A history of nursing ideas, 139-150. Carper, B. A. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in nursing science, 1(1), 13-24. Khuan, L. (2006). An inquiry into ways of knowing in nursing. Journal of the Malaysian Nurses Association,2.

Social Significance Of Patterns Of Questioning In Classroom Discourse

3029 words - 12 pages Social Significance Of Patterns Of Questioning In Classroom Discourse Since the time of Socrates, the pursuit of knowledge has been characterized by the skillful use of language and patterns of questioning to examine understanding and discover truth. Some twenty-four centuries later, language remains the primary medium and discourse the primary method of teaching and learning. While language is a valuable tool for exploration of most

Evidence of Mendelian Inheritance Patterns Seen in Drosophila melanogaster

1278 words - 5 pages Drosophila melanogaster is a fruit fly that is valuable to biological research, particularly in genetics and developmental biology. (Manning, 1997) For the purposes of this experiment D. melanogaster was used to examine Mendelian inheritance patterns commonly seen in the study of genetics. The final offspring results would show whether the traits of the fruit flies are a product of independent assortment, which is a Mendelian pattern of

Ethnic Enclaves in Canada: Patterns of Exclusion, Segregation, and Clustering

3793 words - 15 pages My essay will discuss the relationship between Asian ethnic groups in Canada, focusing on Vancouver and Toronto, and how their social and built environments are organized. I will discuss the development and perpetuation of ethnic enclaves in both of these cities, examining where these minority groups cluster, and observing the patterns of segregation. In addition, my thesis examines how enclaves are a result of the racism and exclusionary

Describe and explore patterns of achievement in society - University - ESSAY

1460 words - 6 pages Describe and explore patterns of absolute and relative achievement in education. This essay will explore the patterns of absolute and relative achievements in education. In this essay, I will explore the patterns of gender, ethnicity and class. Firstly, I will describe what absolute achievement and relative achievement is. Then I will explain the meaning of what equality of opportunity and a meritocratic society is in education and moving

Patterns of Elite Bargains and State Resilience in Nigeria

4113 words - 17 pages contain insurgencies. This research links the role of elite bargains to Nigeria’s resilience, the degree to which a state can withstand and recover from the shocks of state fragility. It proposes four patterns of bargains which may lead to resilience even if it is not the initial objective. In recent times, high profile international stabilization efforts in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan has led to an increased concern for fragile states (Siegel

The Electoral Reforms in Patterns of Democracy by Arend Lijphart

991 words - 4 pages In his book ‘Patterns of Democracy’, Arend Lijphart mentions how electoral systems of majoritarian and consensus model of democracies differ. The electoral systems in majoritarian democracies quintessentially tend to be single-member district plurality system, while consensus democracies usually tend to use the method of proportional representation. Most electoral systems fit into the two categories of PR and plurality-majority. However, there

Similar Essays

Fundamental Patterns Of Knowing In Nursing

755 words - 4 pages Nursing involves a process of dynamic interactions of various ways of knowing to provide excellent care. Carper recognized four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing: empiric, ethics, personal, and aesthetic patterns. The empirical aspect of knowing relates to the science of nursing. The aesthetic aspect of knowing shows more of the art of nursing. Personal knowing pertains to the self-confidence of the nurse in their knowledge. Ethics

Knowing In Nursing: The Four Fundamental Patterns

813 words - 3 pages Nursing knowledge is categorized into four different fundamental patterns of knowing. These patterns are empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge in nursing, and moral knowledge in nursing. The patters of knowing are important when it comes to both the teaching and practice of nursing and are crucial within the discipline of nursing as a whole. This paper will summarize the science of nursing, the art of nursing, personal knowledge in nursing

Patterns Of Knowing In Nursing Essay

693 words - 3 pages In Nursing, there are four main fundamental patterns of knowing to follow. The first pattern is called empirics, the science of nursing. Next is called esthetics which is the art of nursing. The third pattern to follow is the component of personal knowledge in nursing. Last is known as the pattern of ethics, the component of moral knowledge in nursing. Each of the patterns are very different in their own ways. However, nurses should utilize all

Nursing Elements In Barbara Carper´S Fundamental Patterns Of Knowing In Nursing

797 words - 3 pages The essence of nursing knowledge as well as the elements that create a more sophisticated nursing practice are described by Barbara Carper in Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing. Carper derived four areas of knowing, empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge, and ethics; these areas complete the expertise that the nurse must draw on to appropriately care for any individual. Carper implicates that knowledge is not simply a regurgitation of