This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Carthage And The Punic Wars Essay

1194 words - 5 pages

Carthage was first founded as a trading post in the year of 814 BC.
Carthage was founded by the Phoenician Princess Elyssa-Dido on a peninsula
from Africa which extends into the Mediterranean Sea. According to legend
Elyssa_Dido fled from her brother Pygmalion, the king of Tyre, after he killed her husband. The post benefited from the vast market for the goods that it traded and grew in importance quickly. It first had warehouses in which raw metals and finished metal products which the Phoenicians used and had made were stored. Carthage then started making metal products for Spain. These products were cheap due to they traded these cheap goods to Spain for the raw metals. Carthage soon became a huge trading empire, containing much of north Africa, Sicily, and Spain. In the fifth century BC, Carthage was the largest of all existing Mediterranean ports. Carthage soon minted its own coins. The Carthaginians soon developed high skills in the building of ships. They used this to dominate the seas for centuries. Their most important trading goods were silver, lead, ivory, gold, beds, bedding, pottery, jewelry, glassware, wild animals from Africa, fruit, and nuts.

     Carthage had two first class ports. One was a trading port which was
rectangular and the other was a man-made military port which was circular.
These two ports were connected by a canal. The Carthaginians also had great
communication since they controlled the sea, the fastest way of communication at
that time.

     The Carthaginians began a 240 year long struggle for survival with the
Greeks then the Romans in the year 410 BC. It all started when the Sicily city of Segesta asked for help against its mortal Greek enemy of Selinius. Carthage, in a lightening fast campaign sacked both Selinius, and the large Greek city of
Agrigento. The Carthaginians failed in their attempt to siege Syracusa. After the siege upon Syracusa, the Syracusians built many weapons of war, including the catapult. They then sacked the important Carthaginian city of Moyta. For over the next one hundred years the Carthaginians battled the Syracusians. Rome and Carthage allied and eventually defeated the Syracusians’ army at that time ran by Phyrrus of Epirus.

     Rome had signed three peace treaties with Carthage, however in 246 BC
Rome decided that with the Roman conquest of southern Italy, the Carthaginians
in Sicily were now too close for comfort. This began the Punic wars. There were three Punic wars. Rome and Carthage were the two strongest contenders of the central Mediterranean Sea of that time. In each of these wars Carthage lost. These wars lasted off and on from 246 BC to 149 BC, with Carthage eventually being destroyed.

     The First Punic War started in 264 BC and lasted to 241 BC. In the first half of the 3rd century BC Carthage held many territories that made it easy to control and dominate the...

Find Another Essay On Carthage And The Punic Wars

"The Strategy of a warrior state: Rome and the wars against Carthage, 264-201 B.C."

2162 words - 9 pages of his choosing. They adopted the policy of Fabius Maximus, which was to harass and inflict losses to Hannibal's army in Italy, limit his ability to forage for supplies, and prevent his reinforcement arriving from Iberia. Naval strategyNAVAL STRATEGYNaval strategy during the first and second Punic wars deferred substantially in terms of theoretical considerations. During the First Punic War the naval engagements would have approximated Alfred

Comparison on the Polybius, From Punic Wars and Ssu-ma Chi’en, Records of the Historian

1175 words - 5 pages theme—the rise of Rome,” said by Frank William Walbank who wrote the book “Polybius”. Polybius lived in the critical period of the three Punic wars between Carthage and Rome and was present at the destruction of Carthage and Corinth. Also he is one of the officers in the Achaean League that works on the independence of Peloponnesus against the Romans. The experience of Polybius made him the most reliable ancient historians during this period. On

Hannibal and the Downfall of Carthage: Hannibal's decision to cross the Alps rather than the Mediterranean in the 2nd Punic War

1465 words - 6 pages assault Rome by land was a completely preposterous choice, given that Carthage was more well-suited to a naval conflict than a war on land. During the First Punic War, the Carthaginians had had an immense and powerful fleet, and though much of it was destroyed during the war, Carthage could have rebuilt its navy with it good port, good sailors, good shipbuilders, and wealth. From the very beginning, the Phoenician colonists who founded Carthage

These are great study notes on the Punic Wars

525 words - 2 pages The Punic Wars NotesThe Punic Wars was a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage for a period of 118 years. Rome, one of the sides of these wars, was a immense empire whose influence covered much of the known world at the time. Carthage, the other player in the Punic Wars, was a city state on the North Coast of Africa which had partial control over Sicily before wars and whose location was ideal for trading ground in the

Carthago Delenda Est: Who Caused the Punic Wars?

1848 words - 7 pages the foundation for the second war, and it was only after the third and final Punic War that Rome, after coming close to defeat in the second, annihilated Carthage and burned it to the ground, effectively ending the age of Carthaginian power. However, the question must be asked, what were the causes of these wars, and more specifically, which power was more responsible for the conflict? No Punic accounts exist of the conflict due to Roman victory

"Were the Punic Wars a phyrric victory for the Roman Republic?" - Supported with 2 argumentsand supporting facts

884 words - 4 pages "Were the Punic Wars a phyrric victory for the Roman Republic?"The term "Punic Wars" refers to the series of wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BCE. The Romans called the Carthaginians Poeni (Phoenicians), from which is derived the adjective "Punic." There were three Punic Wars: The first war marked the first Roman involvement outside of Italy, and represents the beginning of the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean. The

Hannibal and the Carhaginians in the Second Punic War

1388 words - 6 pages Barca was a strategic commander, a fearless fighter and a sensible leader. The Romans agree to a peace treaty in 201 B.C. with the Carthaginians and Hannibal keeps a small army to protect him (Green 59). Hannibal committed suicide in 182 B.C. in Bithynia by drinking a cup of poison to escape being captured by the Romans (Green 58). The Romans destroy Carthage during the Third Punic War in 149-146 B.C. (Green 58-59). Works Cited "Hannibal the

Analytical Bibliography on Hannibal and the Second Punic War

1807 words - 7 pages with no commentary, side notes or analysis. Grant does provide some of his own opinions on Hannibal's character and possible reasons for his eventual defeat, which I will discuss after first drawing out an outline of the Second Punic War.The Second Punic War, fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic from 218-202 BC, was the final major Carthaginian military opposition to Rome's dominance in the Mediterranean. Hannibal, born in 247 as the

Carthage, the Pheonicians and what really happened with the child sacrifices?

1301 words - 5 pages Carthage- What Really Happened?Carthage, inventers of the alphabet, leading navigators, a civilization that thrived on its trade and once rivaling Rome in advancement, now steeped in mystery.The Pheonicians were completely destroyed by their archenemies the Romans in the Third Punic in 146BC and with all written traces of Carthage obliterated, there is no trace of their own account of their lifestyle before the Romans. The only source left of

Reagan and the Star Wars

1563 words - 6 pages The collapse of Soviet Russia (USSR) and the overall end to the Cold War can be greatly accredited to a program conceived during the Reagan administration known as Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983 the program was eventually nicknamed "Star Wars" by many in the media after the popular 1977 film by George Lucas. The idea was, simply put, a defensive shield surrounding America that would

Comparing and Contrasting the Wars in Chechnya

2059 words - 9 pages In 1993, Chechnya declared independence from Russia and has since fought for their independence from Russia (Vendina, Belozerov, and Gustafson, “The Wars in Chechnya nd Their Effects on Neighboring Regions,” p. 180). Many critics cite ethnic separatism or economic independence as the reason for the passionate Chechen secessionist movement, but political pressure from radical supporters of Chechen leaders is probably a more accurate explanation

Similar Essays

How The Punic Wars Changed Rome And Carthage

1343 words - 6 pages How the Punic Wars Changed Rome and Carthage The Punic Wars were a series of wars that destroyed an empire. The three wars were fought between Rome and Carthage. The First Punic War started in 264 B.C. with a dispute over land in Sicily. These wars had a major effect showing that Rome was a dominant force. These wars also gave Rome land stretching from Italy down the eastern coast of Spain and through northern Africa until Carthage, Tunisia

The Punic Wars Essay

1186 words - 5 pages The Punic Wars were made of three major wars. The last war was kind of a punishment for Carthage from Rome. The two powers in these wars were Rome and Carthage. Rome was controlling the main peninsula of Italy while Carthage was controlling the islands and trade of the Mediterranean. Rome and Carthage were once on a friendly term until things went south well. The Punic Wars have major historical content that involve both leaders on opposite side

The Punic Wars Essay

992 words - 4 pages Discuss the Punic Wars. What caused the conflicts between Carthage and Rome? What were the consequences for both sides? There was a series of three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome with the first occurring between 264 BCE and the last one ending in 146 BCE. The reasoning and motives for the three wars varies. However, no matter what the motives of the wars were, the end result was the defeat and total destruction of the Carthaginian

Analysis Of The Three Punic Wars

816 words - 4 pages The first Punic war started like this...Tradition holds that Phoenician settlers from the Mediterranean port of Tyre founded the city-state of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa, around 814 B.C. By 265 B.C. Carthage was the wealthiest and most advanced city in the region, as well as its leading naval power. Though Carthage had clashed violently with several other powers in the region, its relations with Rome were historically friendly, and