This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Carthage, The Pheonicians And What Really Happened With The Child Sacrifices?

1301 words - 5 pages

Carthage- What Really Happened?Carthage, inventers of the alphabet, leading navigators, a civilization that thrived on its trade and once rivaling Rome in advancement, now steeped in mystery.The Pheonicians were completely destroyed by their archenemies the Romans in the Third Punic in 146BC and with all written traces of Carthage obliterated, there is no trace of their own account of their lifestyle before the Romans. The only source left of Carthaginian history is from their enemies, therefore it is hard to define the truth from the negative rumors and propaganda in Greek and Latin literature. One of the most profound mysteries is the question of whether the legend of the Phoenician ritual of sacrificing their infants was true.In Sicily, when 6000 urns were excavated in a Phoenician Tophet, containing cremated remains of infants, the archaeological society divided. Some believed that the Tophet was just the sacred resting place for the still-born and children who died in early infancy, while others argued that this was the evidence to support the detailed Roman and Greek descriptions of the Phoenician religious ritual of sacrificing their infants to appease their bloody-thirsty gods in times of crisis. The evidence that has been used to support both sides is ambiguous and open to interpretation.Firstly, the written sources. While there are written detailed accounts of the child sacrifices in history by classical historians such Kleitarchos, Diodorus and Tertullian, with similar details, there are also contemporary Roman historians such as Livy and also Polybius (who was present when Carthage was destroyed in 146BC.) who, despite their dislike of Carthage, make no mention of child sacrifices. Some historians interpret this as that the accounts seem to have only come from a few classical historians who are not regarded as very credible while others point out that even though the contemporary Roman historians did not refer to the child sacrifices, this does not indicate it did not happen and also in no way did these historians deny that the child sacrifices did not occur either.Since archaeology has shown that the Pheonicians were Canaanites, speaking a Semitic language and writing an alphabet closely related to Hebrew, passages taken from the Hebrew bible is also used as evidence. The word "Tophet" is taken from the Hebrew Bible and occurs several times and is used in the same context "..high place of Tophet...sons and daughters pass through fire was offering to Moloch." The word "Tophet" can be translated as "place to roaster" and with the mention of burning, it can be interpreted as clear indication of sacrifice since the soil in the Carthage Tophet was found to be charcoal. However, although the Hebrew Bible passages is seen as such a strong connection to the Punic sanctuary grounds that all grounds found are referred to as Tophets, the biblical passages do not mention sacrifice, only children passing through fire.Phoenician inscriptions,...

Find Another Essay On Carthage, the Pheonicians and what really happened with the child sacrifices?

What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs?

891 words - 4 pages their own opinion even if others do not agree with that opinion. We understand that some people think dinosaurs died because of a cataclysmic chain reaction after an asteroid or comet impact on Earth. We also see that some people believe dinosaurs died due to a climate change after a great flood. So I have one question to ask, what do you think really happened to the dinosaurs? Works Cited Dinosaurs. Retrieved from http://www.6000years.org

What Really Happened in the Boston Massacre?

1119 words - 4 pages This chapter provided information from the trial of Captain Thomas Preston. The chapter asked the question, “What really happened in the Boston Massacre”. Chapter four focused on the overall event of the Massacre and trying to determine if Captain Preston had given the order to fire at Boston citizens. The chapter provides background information and evidence from Preston’s trial to leave the reader answering the question the chapter presents

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs?

1062 words - 5 pages In Theory, there a infinitely many possibilities of what really happened to the dinosaurs. Every scientist, and every religious group say they have an idea of what really happened. But how can we tell whether they are wrong or right? We can’t. We can only make a guess, or believe what we want to believe. Religious people have their beliefs and the scientist have their beliefs too. We, ourselves have to decide on which ones we want to believe

What Really Happened During the First Thanksgiving

804 words - 4 pages There can be countless records of the same event, and while many times each record is different, there are also incidents in which one needs to know every record to piece together what really happened. The story of the first Thanksgiving takes place in 1621, and is generally known as a meal that was shared between the Pilgrims and the Indians. For the Pilgrims, this was a harvest festival, much like one they would have had in England. For the

What Was Really Happened in the Concentration Camps

1369 words - 6 pages stimuli, injections with lethal germs, sex change operations, the removal of organs and limbs, incestuous impregnations” (7). This quote shows everything that Mengele tried to do to make a name for himself. Just like the quote I have from Pinker, with literacy bad ideas and experiments will happen and lessons will be learned. There was many experiments that happened in the Concentration Camps. Most of them did not end great for the Jews. They

Traditional Sacrifices and Sacrifices of the Material

1025 words - 5 pages problems. Paul’s mothers love for her children is replaced with her desire for wealth and material items, a great concern to keep up appearances within her society. “There were new furnishings, and Paul had a tutor. He was really going to the Eton, his father’s school, in the following autumn.” (Kennedy and Gioia, 2013, pp. 242). Paul’s sacrifices his own happiness to feed his mother’s desires by providing her with a payment from his winnings

Carthage And The Punic Wars

1194 words - 5 pages that time ran by Phyrrus of Epirus.      Rome had signed three peace treaties with Carthage, however in 246 BC Rome decided that with the Roman conquest of southern Italy, the Carthaginians in Sicily were now too close for comfort. This began the Punic wars. There were three Punic wars. Rome and Carthage were the two strongest contenders of the central Mediterranean Sea of that time. In each of these wars Carthage lost

Rwandan Genocide: What Really Happened

900 words - 4 pages Murder is never a good way to solve a problem, especially when a dictator murders people for no reason or for just a rumor or idea. That’s exactly what happened with the Rwandan Genocide. The Hutus slaughtered the Tutsi tribe of East Africa because the Tutsis had most of the leadership roles when the Europeans took control over Rwanda (Rosenburg). And of course, the Hutus didn’t like that at all, so they started to mass slaughter the Tutsi tribe

Bloody Sunday: What Really Happened?

1790 words - 7 pages Sources A and B have used the same statistic twice to show different things, this can happen with a lot of the evidence so results are often indefinite. However all these years could make the truth in the matter clearer as people possibly wouldn't mind accepting they were wrong any more and tell the reality of the matter? There are so many contradictory beliefs as to what happened on Bloody Sunday, who fired the first shot, and whether the

What Really Happened to Alice

1888 words - 8 pages What Really Happened In Wonderland... It was a bright, sunny day in the Red Queen’s rose garden when all of a sudden I heard my name being called. “WHERE IS THAT WHITE RABBIT?!” yelled the Queen. “Oh no”… I thought. I felt myself being pulled out of my hiding place from under the bushes. “There you are” the Red Queen scowled. “I need you to fetch me a girl named Alice and bring her back to me immediately” she said again. “Alice?” I managed to

What Really Happened in 1492?

996 words - 4 pages Przekwas 1Mary PrzekwasOctober 20, 2014What Really Happened in 1492?The Columbian quincentennial in 1992, the 500th anniversary of Columbus's voyage to North America, sparked a national criticism over the true history of Christopher Columbus. History textbooks have relentlessly taught American schoolchildren that Columbus was a heroic explorer whose daring, perseverance, and navigational knowledge led to the 'discovery' of America. However

Similar Essays

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs?

1322 words - 5 pages after the flood. They say that the dinosaurs did live with humans for a short period of time and were soon extinct by being hunted and not having enough food. Carvings and drawings have been found that support the idea of humans and dinosaurs living at the same time. The idea of dinosaur extinction is always up for debate. There is good evidence for both theories but they are still unclear as to what really happened to the dinosaurs. (Ron Hutchinson

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs?

903 words - 4 pages out what happened to the dinosaurs, we just have to continue arguing and discovering more things about them. So how do you feel about what really happened to dinosaurs? Is the bible making it up that their were so called Dino’s back in the day or is it true and they were? Or is science trying to turn our heads with the known cataclysmic asteroid impact? All we can do is sit back and wait for the science or religion to come up with something more

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs

949 words - 4 pages http://urbanext.illinois.edu/animals/dinosaurs.cfm What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs?. (n.d.). - Answers in Genesis. Retrieved November 15, 2013, from http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/nab/what-happened-to-the-dinosaurs Dinosaurs and the Bible. (n.d.). - Answers in Genesis. Retrieved November 15, 2013, from http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/1999/11/05/dinosaurs-and-the-bible What Killed Dinosaurs: New Ideas About the Wipeout. (n.d.).nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved September 15, 2013, from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/13/130212--chicxulub-asteroid-dinosaurs-volcano-mass-extinction-environment-science/

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs

1036 words - 5 pages the ark, some believe that they died out or were killed. At any rate there have been and will be many discussions and debates about what really happened to the dinosaurs.There is a lot of scientific evidence behind the extinction of the dinosaurs. The most widely known and belief of the extinction of the dinosaurs is to have been caused by a meteor impact. Recently however, through carbon dating and other methods of measuring time and other things