Case Analysis: Hiv/Aids

1700 words - 7 pages

As the world evolved health problems have evolved with it. One of the many health problems that medical professionals deal with today is HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus spread through body fluids that affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS (www.cdc.gov). Like many other chronic illnesses, HIV/AIDS consist of stages. HIV disease has a well-documented progression. Untreated, HIV is almost universally fatal because it eventually overwhelms the immune system—resulting in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV treatment helps people at all stages of the disease, and treatment can slow or prevent progression from one stage to the next (www.cdc.gov). People become infected with HIV through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal fluids. These fluids can be passed between people in a variety of ways, including having unprotected sex (oral, vaginal, or anal) or sharing needles. HIV can also be passed from mother to child during childbirth or through breast-feeding (www.cdc.gov).
Over the last thirty years, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has matured. In the United States, HIV has changed from an explosive outbreak to an endemic disease; currently, an estimated 1.1 million people are infected with HIV, including a substantial number who are unaware of their status. HIV disease is a medical condition but it has never been just a medical condition. HIV disease is fraught with enormous social, political, economic, and psychiatric challenges (Wilson, et al). The nuances around HIV prevention, education, treatment, and care are inexplicably linked to stigma, both externally and internalized.
Now that this disease has matured there are many different types of treatment. One of the treatments includes nutrition education and counseling. The HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to have a devastating impact on health, nutrition, food security and overall socioeconomic development in the countries that have been greatly affected by the disease. The HIV epidemic is increasingly driven by many of those factors that also drive under nutrition; factors in particular include poverty, conflict and inequality. Nutrition plays a critical role in comprehensive care, support and treatment of HIV infected people. There are complex interactions between nutrition and HIV/AIDS. HIV progressively weakens the immune system and leads to malnutrition. Malnutrition worsens the effects of HIV and contributes to more rapid progression to AIDS. Nutrition and HIV are related to each other. Any immune deficiency as a result of HIV/AIDS leads to malnutrition, and malnutrition leads to immune deficiency.
. Malnutrition can both contribute to and result from the progression of HIV. In 2003, WHO (World Health Organization) in collaboration with the Food and Agricultural...

Find Another Essay On Case Analysis: HIV/AIDS

Living with HIV/AIDS Essay

2142 words - 9 pages resources to cope with HIV disease.” Some of the services that this program helps to provide are outpatient and ambulatory medical care, drug assistance, pharmaceutical assistance, early intervention services, home and community based health services, and medical case management, including treatment. This program has five parts that each contribute to a different cause having to do with HIV and AIDS. Part A is the first part of the program that helps

HIV/AIDS in Botswana Essay

1536 words - 6 pages An estimated 25 million people in Africa were living with AIDS in 2003 (AIDS and HIV Statistics for Africa). In Botswana alone, the AIDS prevalence rate is an immense 36.5% (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). In Botswana, AIDS has been an ongoing epidemic since the first case reported in 1985 (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which weakens a person's immune system causing them to be more susceptible to

Preventing HIV/ AIDS

1175 words - 5 pages (UNAIDS). The initially reported morbidity cases of HIV were in 1981. As of present, there are in excess of 34 million individuals at present living with HIV and there have been approximately 30 million mortality cases since the begin of this pandemic (UNAIDS). The first ever noted case of HIV/AIDS in South Africa was identified in 1982 and although it absolutely was at first thought that HIV infections perceived to be exclusively predominant

Review about HIV/AIDS

1478 words - 6 pages of this field discuss that the different IEC strategies work mainly on the individual level, so how individual IDUs can change their behavior to reduce the risk of HIV infection. Moreover, when analyzing the IEC approach, people must take into account how the applied intervention works, as well as its result and effectiveness in the programmes. This paper also points out that in case of the prevention of HIV/AIDS three main factors are needed

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic

1694 words - 7 pages HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest

HDI and HIV AIDS Namibia

1415 words - 6 pages HIV prevalence. 3. Correlation graph, years: 2005,2009,2010,2011 and 2012 Source: Geohive.com and worldbank.org Source: Geohive.com and worldbank.org The previous graph shows a scatterplot accounting for all the years in the analysis. With the Netherlands being an outlier for the year 2005, the general tendency clearly shows what previous calculations have stated. There is a negative strong correlation between the HDI and the HIV

The Impact of HIV/AIDS

1189 words - 5 pages Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal physical condition that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus damages the human body’s immune system, so that the body cannot protect itself from bacteria, viruses, and prions that cause diseases. With severely lowered defenses, AIDS patients die from common illnesses such as pneumonia, diarrhea, cold, and tuberculosis. The HIV virus does not directly attack its

Canadian Aboriginals and HIV/AIDS

2723 words - 11 pages . National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health. Retrieved 14/03/06 from: http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/hivaids-report.pdf Statistics Canada. Aboriginal peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006– findings. Ottawa: Statistics Canada; 2008. Retrieved 14/03/09 from: http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/analysis/aboriginal/index.cfm World Health Organization (2012). HIV/AIDS, Retrieved 14/03/08 from: http://www.who.int/hiv/en/

HIV/AIDS - Description, causes, statistics etc

969 words - 4 pages that HIV is present, the person is referred to as HIV positive. It may take up to 6 months after contact to show up.The number of women with HIV and AIDS in the United States is steadily rising. From 1985 to 1996, the proportion of reported US AIDS cases occurring among women increased from 7-20% (Women and AIDS). An analysis from the National Cancer Institute estimates that between 107,000 and 150,000 women on the U.S. are living with HIV

HAPATO - HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto

1164 words - 5 pages Introduction HAPATO, HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto is a non-profit organization that develops programs and brings awareness to the public about HIV/AIDs. A 25-member panel of expert consultants are working with Health Canada to develop Stop HIV Now, a campaign designed to bring awareness to the increasing number of Canadians diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. We are focusing on raising awareness among all Canadians and reducing the risk of

Anaylsis of HIV & AIDS in West Africa

1063 words - 4 pages having previously had relatively stable rates of the disease in previous years. My analysis of HIV/AIDS in West Africa will begin with a presentation of substantial proof that HIV and AIDS are serious problems affecting West Africa, then an examination of why this problem exists, and I will conclude with a few possible solutions to the steadily increasing HIV/AIDS problem in West Africa and the world as a whole.Since the beginning of the history

Similar Essays

Critical Analysis Of An Article On Hiv/Aids Prevention Issues For Women

1135 words - 5 pages Introduction: This review is about the main points, gaps and critique of the article. The main information provided in this review will help you gain new insight on women HIV/AIDS prevention issues. As a society, we focus on individualist ways of prevention. We try to enforce and educate individuals on HIV/AIDS prevention on an individual level but it’s more complex because women have a lower status compared to men, this disempowerment can lead

Case Analysis Public Health Vs. Privacy Rights, In Neonatal Hiv Testing

1907 words - 8 pages Dr. Tremblay's case is basically a classical ethical debate, where the question is asked: do the needs of the few, outweigh the rights of the many? In this case the "many" is comprised of thirty-seven babies, and their mothers, anonymously tested for HIV, and the "few" is an anonymous baby from the group, suspected of having neonatal HIV. Tremblay hoped to find this baby and deliver treatment (as well as giving treatment to the mother), but in

Aids + Hiv Essay

2136 words - 9 pages seropositive.Definition of AIDSAIDS is defined as a disease, at least moderately predictive of defects in cell-meditated immunity, occurring in a person with no known cause for diminishedresistance to that disease. Such diseases include Kaposi's Sarcoma, Pneumocystiscarnii pneumonia, and serious other opportunistic infections. After the discovery ofHIV and the development of HIV-antibody test, the case definition of AIDS wasupdated to reflect the role of

Spread Of Hiv Aids Essay

1808 words - 7 pages affairs it's wiser to wear a condomto prevent Aids. Many believe that gay men have a higher rate of getting Aids. The reason for that is because gay men usually have anal sex and thats one of the main source where the disease can get transmitted to another person. Blood to blood contact is another form to get Aids. 30 years ago, many wondered how do people get Aids. After years of studies Aids comes from HIV. Aids is the most advanced stage of HIV