Nervous System And Endocrine System Essay

1683 words - 7 pages

The focus this week was to understand the complex nervous system and the equally complex endocrine system. The nervous system can be understood as the body’s electrical wiring and not unlike a car’s electrical system, when something malfunctions, it affects the entire machine. The endocrine system consists of glands that produce, secrete, and regulate the vital hormones needed for countless functions within the human body. When the endocrine system functions properly, the body grows and develops. When there is hormonal disruption within the endocrine system, the individual can manifest numerous illnesses that are often life altering. The following medical scenarios demonstrate the serious and sometimes fatal outcomes when the nervous and endocrine systems become diseased.
Case Study-Mr. Stevens Loss of Balance
Mr. Stevens presented to his doctor’s office with a chief complaint of frequent episodes of ataxia, which he describes as feeling as if he is drunk. In addition, he recounts he is unable to draw a straight line. Mr. Stevens’ physician suspects the patient’s symptoms indicate a problem within his cerebellum.
The Structure and Function of the Cerebellum
The cerebellum, the second largest brain structure, is located inferior to the occipital lobe of the cerebrum. The outside consists of a thin layer of folded gray matter, while the interior is predominately made up of white matter (Patton & Thibodeau, 2014). The cerebellum uses a complex system to communicate with other parts of the central nervous system to allow coordinated body movement. It accomplishes this by way of three pairs of nerve “highways” called cerebellar peduncles. The peduncles sense information from other areas of the central nervous system (CNS) such as the spinal cord, medulla oblongata, and the cerebral cortex. The cerebellum then interprets and corrects them to allow the body to move in the appropriate way (Samuel, 2014).
Mr. Steven’s Symptoms and Likely Diagnosis
As stated above, Mr. Stevens complains of ataxia and difficulty controlling his muscle movements, which are disturbing his gait. He also reports an inability to draw a straight line. His symptoms appear to be sudden and did not follow a head injury. Because the cerebellum controls the coordination of limb movements, his physician suspects a tumor or a possible degenerative disorder of the cerebellum. To properly diagnose Mr. Stevens, his physician will likely refer him to a neurologist or neurosurgeon who will do a complete neurological exam and order diagnostic testing such as a CT scan (computed tomography scan) or an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). The treatment will depend on the results of the testing, but might include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. Mr. Stevens prognosis is dependent on numerous factors, but brain cancer is a serious and often fatal illness (Stanford Medicine Cancer Institute, 2014).
Case Study-Mr. Collins Motor Vehicle Accident
Mr. Collins is a 60 year-old male who...

Find Another Essay On Nervous System and Endocrine System

Cocaine and the Nervous System Essay

1117 words - 4 pages Cocaine and the Nervous System All drugs have a negative effect on the nervous system, but few can match the dramatic impact of cocaine. Cocaine is one of the most potent, addictive, and unpredictable recreational drugs, and thus can cause the most profound and irreversible damage to the nervous system. The high risk associated with cocaine remains the same regardless of whether the drug is snorted, smoked, or injected into the user¡¯s

The Human Endocrine System Essay

1261 words - 5 pages processes like breathing and body movement are monitored by the nervous system. But even though the nervous system and endocrine system are separate systems, they often work together to help the body function properly.What Is the Endocrine System?The foundations of the endocrine system are the hormones and glands. As the body's chemical messengers, hormones transfer information and instructions from one set of cells to another. Although many

The Endocrine System

989 words - 4 pages adulthood and older adulthood the endocrine system undergoes a gradual failure. Haywood & Getchell, 2009, suggests that over time the endocrine system, immune system and nervous system fail to function gradually. This gradual failure might occur at different moments, leading to imbalances between them, and them increase risk of diseases at older people Thyroid function decline with aging and thyroid disorders are more common in older adults. Hypothyroidism is associated with acceleration of aging (Haywood & Getchell, 2009).

Endocrine system Notes

1890 words - 8 pages hormones in the blood and by sensory information collected by other parts of the central nervous system. Interactions between the nervous system and endocrine system take place at the hypothalamus. They posterior pituitary is made of axons belonging to the cells called neurosecretory cells, whose cell bodies are in the hypothalamus. When these cells are stimulate, the axons release hormones into blood vessels. This is carried by circulatory system

The Endocrine System

1575 words - 6 pages In the human body we have a system that deals with chemical communication through the use of hormones, the ductless glands that secrete hormones and the target cells that respond to the hormones, this system is called the Endocrine system. This is used to help maintain the essential purpose of the human body which can range the metabolism to growth. This system also works in line with the nervous system in regulating the interior functions and


1631 words - 7 pages CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM – CEREBELLAR SYSTEM Though many books include cerebellar examination as part of the motor exam, it is discussed as a separate category in view of its importance. As children with cerebellar diseases are not frequently seen in routine clinical practice, candidates tend to neglect this system in their preparation and hence find it difficult in the exam. Cerebellar assessment involves examination of the gait and co

The Nervous System and Sexual Function

1668 words - 7 pages The nervous system is divided into three components: the central nervous system, which encompasses the brain, brain stem, and the spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system, which includes the sensory receptors and effector muscles and organs in the body, and the autonomic nervous system which is part of both the peripheral and central nervous system and controls visceral and largely unconscious functions (Barker & Barasi, 2005). The sexual

The nervous system and its bodily functions.

1988 words - 8 pages The nervous system is the most complex part of the body, as they govern our thoughts, feelings, and bodily functions. It is an important factor in science because it can lead to new discoveries for cures or diseases. The studies of the nervous system helped lower death rates from heart disease, stroke, accidents, etc. The nervous system is a network of neurons (nerve cells) that that sends information to the brain to be analyzed. Neurons live

The Human Nervous System

3129 words - 13 pages The nervous system is composed of all nerve tissue in the body. This organ system forms a communication and coordination network between all parts of the body. It plays a major role in everyday activities such as breathing, walking even blinking. It is made up of nerve tissues to receive and transmit stimuli to nervous centers and initiate response. Neurons are nerve cells that transmit signals from one location of the body to another

Human Nervous System.

1182 words - 5 pages In the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord are the two main parts. The brain and spinal cord are protected by bone. The skull encloses the brain, and the vertebrae of the spinal column surround the spinal cord. The brain and spinal cord are also covered and protected by 3 tough membranes called menings. The cerebrospinal fluid cushions the brain and spinal column. The brain contains four ventricles filled with the fluid; the

Brain&Nervous System

667 words - 3 pages Nervous System: Nervous system is messages relayed by nerves. Nerves collect information from stimulus and relay messages to the brain where it can be interpreted and used. A neuron receives a message, if it is important enough, the stimulus will fire. The neuron will not fire if the message is not important enough. Depending on the severity or importance of the message, it can be fired faster or slower, but always with the same strength

Similar Essays

Endocrine System. Essay

1112 words - 4 pages endocrine and nervous systems. Nerve cells in the hypothalamus control the pituitary gland by producing chemicals that either stimulate or suppress hormone secretions from the pituitary.Although it is no bigger than a pea, the pituitary (pronounced: puh-too-uh-ter-ee) gland, located at the base of the brain just beneath the hypothalamus, is considered the most important part of the endocrine system. It's often called the "master gland" because it

Nervous System Essay

610 words - 2 pages Introduction "The major functions of information gathering control and storage are perform by the "Nervous System" in a body" (Jakab, 2007, 18-22). In general Nervous system is gather information about the outside circumstances in relation to the body's inside condition, and then nervous system is examine this information, and to start suitable reply to persuade certain desires. Discussion The main basic functions of Nervous system are

Nervous System. Essay

713 words - 3 pages The Nervous System is the body's information gatherer, storage center and control system. Its overall function is to collect information about the external conditions in relation to the body's internal state, to analyze this information, and to initiate appropriate responses to satisfy certain needs. Neurons. The cells that make up the nervous system are called neurons. Long, stringy neurons are perfect for carrying the electrical messages that

Nervous System Essay

1936 words - 8 pages NERVOUS SYSTEM The nervous system is composed of trillions of nerve cells, as well as other cells which maintain and support the nerve cells. The scientific name for a nerve cell is a neuron. Neurons function electrically to create thought and action in our bodies. Without nerve cells, human life would not, and could not be. Most of the cells which maintain and support neurons are glial cells. The word "glial" means glue. Glial cells not only