Regular physical activity (PA) and exercise have been repeatedly shown to contribute to longevity, fitness levels, quality of life and general well-being in all populations and age groups (Miles, 2007; Warburton, Nicol and Bredin, 2006; Haskell, Lee, Pate, Powell and Blair, 2007; O’Donovan, Blazevich, Boreham, Cooper, Crank, et al, 2010). Health and fitness assessment is an effective and popular method of determining a person’s current health and fitness, and therefore, susceptibility to diseases associated with inactivity and other negative health behaviours (American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), 2008; Ruiz, Ortega, Gutierrez, Meusel, Sjöström, et al, 2006 Heyward, 2002).
Health-related physical assessment techniques were used to establish the subject’s lifestyle and health status prior to and following a 4-week exercise intervention for the purpose of:
• Identifying modifiable health-risk factors associated with a greater susceptibility to developing diseases related to negative characteristics of the subject’s health profile.
• Individualising an exercise programme that may improve potentially negative aspects of the subject’s health profile.
• Providing personalised data that may be comparable to a similar demographic.
• Providing follow-up data to evaluate the efficacy of the targeted exercise programme.
• Educating the subject regarding their current health, physical fitness and risk of developing diseases associated with negative aspects of their health profile.
• Motivating the individual towards specific action to decrease susceptibility to diseases associated with potentially negative aspects of their current health and fitness status.
The purpose of the study was explained to the subject and a health-status questionnaire (Appendix A) was completed prior to their engagement in the health assessment and 4 week prescribed exercise programme. Informed consent was given (Appendix B).
Lifestyle and Medical History
The subject (Table 1) completed a pre-exercise test medical questionnaire. The questionnaire suggested no obvious illness or disease were present that would prevent the subject from participating in either exercise-based fitness assessment or a structured exercise programme. However, the questionnaire highlighted two modifiable, health-risk factors, sedentary behaviour and regular smoking, that are known to contribute to an increased risk of early mortality (Shopland, 1995; Doll, Peto, Wheatley, Gray and Sutherland, 1994; Pate, O’Neill, and Lobelo, 2008). The subject reported a previous history of regular resistance training, though has led a predominantly sedentary lifestyle for approximately 2 years.
The fundamental objectives of this report are:
• Accurate collection of assessment data, including aerobic capacity, body composition, blood lipid profile, blood pressure, resting heart rate (RHR), and body mass index.
• Accurate, interpretation of assessment data and health implications of continuing current ...