On October 29, 1863, delegates adopted 10 resolutions that were aimed to help injured soldiers (Greenspan, 2013). This created the International Red Cross. Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross (ARC) in 1881. The International Red Cross inspired Clara while she was on a trip in Europe. She brought the model of the International Red Cross back to the United States and led an organization through its first relief missions. They assisted the United States in the Spanish-American War in 1898. The ARC is a part of over 175 national societies in aiding victims through disasters. The ARC consists of about half a million volunteers and 35,000 employees. It is also made up of more than 700 local chapters across the country, which received funding from the National Red Cross. It received its first congressional charter in 1900 and its second in 1905 (American Red Cross, 2013). The ARC has won more Nobel Peace Prizes than any other organization (Greenspan, 2013).
The ARC has been an integral part of the United States and has helped this country in its darkest hours. It was part of World War I and II and helping the wounded on the field of battle as well as the healing at home. Many members of the military owe their lives to the Red Cross. For example, in World War II, the ARC signed up more than 100,000 nurses for military duty and delivered 27 million packages to our troops and to prisoners of war.
The mission of the Red Cross, according to their website, is comprised of five service areas. The first mission area is disaster relief in the United States. They respond to thousands of disasters in the U.S. every year. They are mentioned in the local papers almost every week when they respond to natural disasters that affect thousands of people, to a fire at a home that devastates a family. Their second service area is the support of the U.S. military and their family. When the military deploys troops, they provide support for those in the field and the families left behind. Their third mission is what most people recognize the Red Cross for, collecting and donating blood. This life-saving mission is an essential aspect of healthcare in the U.S. They supply more than 40% of the blood collected in this country (Whiteman, 2013). Their fourth area of service is health and safety including CPR, first aid and lifeguard training. This helps protect the public and allows people to help each other until medical professionals arrive. The final service area is international services. They work in over 180 countries and are the largest humanitarian network (American Red Cross, 2013).
These mission areas are extremely vital and affect the lives of millions of people throughout the United States and the world. The ARC is also a private organization, not a government agency. This means they are solely funded by private donations. Most people are more than happy to donate their money and resources to the ARC because of its high...