Case Study Of Developmental Theories

1646 words - 7 pages

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can be presented in a pyramid, featuring the most basic and necessary needs for survival in the bottom levels. The hierarchy of needs says that we must fulfil our needs in a particular order; the lowest level must be fulfilled first before being able to move up the pyramid.


The first level of the hierarchy is the physiological needs, which include, the need for food, water, shelter and warmth. Most people should achieve this as a baby. These are the needs that are necessary for survival. Without these it is impossible for a human to function.
The second level of the hierarchy is safety needs, which include, the need for security (financially, personally), health and wellbeing, stability and freedom from fear. This level can only begin to be achieved after the first level is fulfilled. This level is generally achieved during childhood. Without safety needs, people can experience disorders such as posttraumatic stress and a lower standard of living.
The third level of Maslow’s hierarchy of need is love and belonging. This level is usually achieved anywhere from mid-childhood to early adulthood. This need can sometimes come before the for security and safety or even physiological needs , particularly for children. Certain circumstances may hinder a child’s ability to make friends and other significant relationships. These circumstances can include hospitalisation and neglect. It is important for people to feel accepted and to feel like they belong. Without theses feelings, it’s easier for people to become subject to depression, feeling lonely and anxiety.
Esteem needs make up the fourth level of the hierarchy. This is a need to be respected, by the person themselves and their peers, and to have self-esteem. Esteem needs are usually fulfilled during adulthood. There are two types of this need, a lower and a higher one. The lower version is the need for respect from the person’s peers, the need for to be recognized, fame and attention. The higher one is a need for self-respect. Without this level being achieved low-self esteem can occur.
The last level is self-actualisation, which is the hardest level to achieve. This level is where a person realises their full potential and works to be the best that they can be. This can be achieved anywhere from mid-adulthood. To achieve this level of the hierarchy a person must not only fulfil the other levels, but they must master them.
In the case study, Amy seems to be in the love and belonging level. It’s evident that Amy is in a safe, secure environment and that her physiological needs are taken care of. Amy lives comfortably with her family, meaning she has achieved the first two levels of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This makes it possible for Amy to be beginning to achieve the third level. Amy’s strong and positive relationship with her older sister Claire and her strong bond with her grandparents convey the loving...

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