Consider the compact of co-responsibility between the government and recipients. What is needed to make the compact work? Progresa had the goal of increasing the basic capabilities of extremely poor people in rural Mexico (Levine, 2007, p.67). Progresa is a program developed by the government of Mexico in 1997, and was implemented by President Ernesto Zedillo. With the help of Santiago Levy who was an economist, Progresa was developed to help break the cycle of poverty in Mexico. In order for the compact to work between the government and the recipients, a change had to take place from the governments’ standpoint. The government came to the realization of what the recipients needed and to provide that for them. Since the government was willing to fund the program to help the recipients, it demanded the recipients’ responsibility towards the program. For the first time, the Government of the Republic set in motion a program that will deal with the causes of poverty in an integral manner (Levine, 2007, p. 67). The recipients would be held accountable for their part in the program. They would be held liable for participating in the program by being responsible and attributing the responsibility of their choices towards the program. The government funded the program financially while the recipients’ responsibility included sending the children to school, getting the children immunized, and making sure their healthcare and nutritional needs were met. What was needed to make the compact work was the union and responsibility of the government and the recipients as a team.
Why were the cash grants given to mothers? Do you think this was a good idea or a bad
one? What might have been positive and negative consequences of this choice? The three components of the program included education, health, and nutrition. In the nutrition component, the cash transfer was given if children were age 5 years and under, breastfeeding mothers attended nutrition monitoring clinics where growth was measured, and if pregnant women visited clinics for prenatal care, nutritional supplements, and health education (Levine, 2007, p. 67). The focus of the cash grants was used as an incentive to help motivate people to participate in the program, specifically mothers. Mothers’ were usually the caretakers of the children and the household; therefore, the program directed the cash grants to support the mothers in their decision and their responsibility towards the program.
This decision was based on research conducted by social science analysis, which proved to have worked. According to the research, mothers tend to invest in their children’s education, healthcare and nutritional needs more than any other parent. Therefore, it made logical sense to have the mothers’ be responsible and eligible for the cash grants. In this choice, positivity seemed to have been the outcome. Child health improved in the Progresa areas. For example, children under 5 years of age in Progresa,...