Caso B: O Fbi E A VigilÂNcia Digital: QuÃO Longe Deve Ir? Book: "Management Information Systems"

840 words - 3 pages

Pergunta 1: O Carnivore apresenta um dilma ético? Explique a sua resposta.Resposta à pergunta 1:Sim. O Carnivore é uma ferramenta poderosa que captura e filtra grandes quantidades de informação. Caso não se utilize esta ferramenta, o meio de comunicação mais utilizado hoje em dia pode ser usado abertamente para cometer crimes. Caso contrário, o simples facto de a ferramenta poder estar a capturar informação para a qual não há legitimidade faz com que esta possa estar a ser usada para violar a privacidade de qualquer pessoa.Pergunta 2: Aplique uma análise ética à questão do uso por parte do FBI de tecnologia de informação e dos direitos de privacidade dos cidadãos dos E.U.A..Resposta à pergunta 2: O FBI utiliza uma ferramenta chamada Carnivore para obter informação relativa a indivíduos que possam representar uma ameaça para os E.U.A.. Esta analisa todas as mensagens que passam nos ISPs onde está instalada e procura informação relevante através de palavras-chave introduzidas por agentes do FBI. A questão neste processo é o facto de o Carnivore poder usado para fins não-legítimos sem que este abuso seja detectado. Este facto coloca em risco os direitos de privacidade dos cidadãos dos E.U.A.. Envolvidos nesta questão estão os cidadãos dos E.U.A., o FBI e o governo americano. Uma solução seria manter um registo (log) das palavras-chave utilizadas e a existência de uma entidade exterior ao FBI que vigiasse se os pedidos de pesquisa feitos coincidiam com as pesquisas efectivamente efectuadas. Outra solução seria colocar uma "escuta" apenas no computador do indivíduo em questão (fazendo uma analogia com as escutas telefónicas). Uma consequência da primeira solução seria a maior probabilidade de haver fugas de informação e problemas de segurança. Na 2ª hipótese poderia haver bastante dificuldade em colocar as "escutas".Pergunta 3: Que questões éticas, sociais e políticas são levantadas pelo facto de o FBI ler emails de pessoas e fazer levantamento de informação acerca delas?Resposta à pergunta 3:Éticas: Deverá o FBI ter acesso a mensagens de pessoas não envolvidas? Deverá ser possível que haja uma invasão de privacidade, mesmo que não-propositada?Sociais: Será que as pessoas preferem abdicar da sua privacidade para que seja mais fácil a prevenção do crime o do terrorismo, permitindo que o governo mantenha...

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