To conduct a thorough review of existing approaches among WASH disaster relief organizations.
Bangladesh is vulnerable to several natural disasters and every year natural calamities upset people's lives in some part of the country (ref).
The major disasters concerned here are the occurrences of flood, cyclone and storm surge, flash flood, drought, tornado, and landslide. These extreme natural events are termed disasters when they adversely affect the whole environment, and resulted in heavy damages in economic, social, and human life (ref).
Human vulnerability to any disaster is a complex phenomenon with social, economic, health, and cultural dimensions .
The relationship between natural disasters and communicable diseases are frequently misconstrued. The risk of disease outbreak is high in the chaos that follows natural disasters. However, the risk factors for outbreaks after disasters are associated primarily with population displacement and infrastructural damage. The availability of safe water and sanitation facilities, the degree of crowding, the underlying health status of the population, and the availability of healthcare services all interact within the local disease ecology to increase risk of communicable diseases and death in the affected population.
Different development orgranizations are currently conducting WASH intervention in Bangladesh to improve environmental and behavioral factors on community health. ICDDRB initiatives (reference to WASH Benefits and ICVB) are also exploring community-adapted WASH infrastructure in order to increase uptake of WASH services and behaviors. However, none of this research targets highly vulnerable, disaster-prone areas. In order to address this gap, we propose the following research...
The goal of this research is to explore water, sanitation and handwashing practices in disaster prone areas. We hope to identify the most salient communicable diseases, outline the risk factors for disease outbreak, and establish WASH priorities to address communicable diseases in disaster settings. We will be able to make recommendations to both the Government of Bangladesh and NGOs with community-based intervention programs, both on a regular basis and during epidemics.
People of disaster prone areas are vulnerable to water borne diseases due to lack of proper/poor WASH systems
Water and sanitation interventions need to be locally appropriate and take into consideration problems...