Cattell's Big Five Factors Essay

1012 words - 4 pages

Cattell's Big Five Factors

Cattell’s Big Five Factors of Personality, Behavioral Genetics, and Evolutionary Personality Theory.

Current Research

Raymond Cattell (1905-present) designed the “Big five Factors of Personality”, in which five classifications are revealed. Big Five factors: #1 extraversion vs. introversion, #2 agreeableness vs. antagonism, #3 conscientiousness vs. undirected ness, #4 neuroticism vs. emotional stability, and #5 openness to experience vs. not open to experience. Han’s Eysenck’s and Sir Francis Galton behavior genetics research and Arnold Buss’ three concerns for evolutionary personality theory coinsided with each other.

The Big five represents a catalog of traits that some personality psychologists suggest capture the essence of individual differences in personality. Raymond Cattell used Allport and Odbert’s 4500 trait-descriptives in which he extracted 35 traits. After others continued to analyze these factors and found congruence with the ratings, that eventually became the Big five Factors of Personality. In order to fully understand the origin of these factors an outline for factor analysis must be explained.

Factor analysis studies where conducted and the results where used in an analysis technique generally done with computers to determine meaningful relationships and patterns in behavioral data. Beginning with a large number of behavioral variables, the computer finds relationships or natural connections where variables are maximally correlated with one another and minimally correlated with other variables, and then it groups the data accordingly. After this process has been repeated many times a pattern of relationships or certain factors that capture the essence of all the data appears (Pervin & John 1999). The same process used to determine the Big Five Personality factors; copious amounts of different researchers that have done numerous tests and they all agree that the “Big five Factors” are the only consistently reliable factors that have been found.

Big Five factors include: #1 extraversion vs. introversion, #2 agreeableness vs.
antagonism, #3 conscientiousness vs. undirected ness, #4 neuroticism vs. emotional stability, and #5 openness to experience vs. not open to experience, these breakdown into understandable terms. #1 Extraversion implies an energetic approach to the social and material world and includes traits such as sociability, activity, assertiveness, and positive emotionality. #2 Agreeableness contrasts a prosocial and communal orientation toward others with antagonism and includes traits such as selflessness, tender-mindedness, trust, and modesty. #3 Conscientiousness describes socially prescribed impulse control that facilitates task and goal-directed behavior, such as thinking before acting, delaying gratification, following norms and rules, and planning, organizing, and prioritizing tasks. #4 Neuroticism contrasts emotional stability and even-temperedness with...

Find Another Essay On Cattell's Big Five Factors

The Analysis of the Five Factor Model

2107 words - 8 pages an adequate personality psychology. “The Five Factor Model provides a compelling framework for building personality measures that seek to represent the domain of individual terms broadly and systematically” (Briggs, 1989 as cited in McAdams. DP, 1992, p. 332). The FFM consists of five factors (The ‘Big Five’). They are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. When measured

The Big Five Research Project Essay

837 words - 3 pages The purpose of this report is to provide answers to the questions presented in the research project in the Rasmussen general psychology class. The first question ask was what are the five personality traits according to the prominent five factor model. According to the psychology.suite101 website (Pawlik-Kienlen, 2007) the big five personality traits are as follows: • Conscientiousness - being disciplined, dedicated and organized. This also

mp12

2144 words - 9 pages because one person cannot be better or worse than the others (Buchanan and Huczynski, 2010). There have been many theories about personality and descriptions but Costa and McCrae (1987) came out with theory named as The big five personality traits. They divided people’s personality in five main personality factors which affecting individual’s behaviour. The big five McCrae and Costa (1987) Created theory of five big personality traits. Which are

Does Personality Correlate With Subjective Well-Being?

1566 words - 7 pages . Reflecting on their personality according to the Big Five will allow the individual to adopt the traits that will have a positive impact on their well-being. This will allow for a healthy personality development, which is related to higher life satisfaction. Personality factors and correlation results viewed within this PsychoMythology are important concepts to keep in mind and highly related to real-life. Most people can agree that subjective well

The Mini-IPIP Personality Scale : A Test Critique

2179 words - 9 pages assessments derived from the IPIP, it is in the public domain. Therefore, it has no cost associated with administration and it is self-scored with no means of electronic scoring at this time. The Mini-IPIP (Donnellan et al., 2006) tests Big Five factors of personality; Extroversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Intellect/Imagination. It uses a Likert scale in answering 20 items designed to predict levels of each of the five

The Trait Theory of Personality

2311 words - 9 pages while introverts had high levels, this meant that extraverts would be attracted to more stimulating experiences and therefore be more likely to be sociable as opposed to an introvert. The FFM commonly known as the ‘big five’ included as the name suggests, five trait factors: neuroticism, extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness to experience. Interestingly, many trait theorists have found that their extensive lists of traits can

Business Q&A

1119 words - 4 pages the typical small business owner. While the enterprise is publicly listed and ownership partially separted from Big Kev, the founder still sees the management of the new entity as fundamentally similar to prior to the listing: management decisions resides with a few individuals and the personal objectives of the owner are the motivational factors that dominate the strategic plans of the enterprise, both of which are centred on Big Kev (Holmes et al

The Five Factor Model.

1843 words - 7 pages ) but in 1985 added two additional factors to make the OCEAN model (Conscientiousness and Agreeableness). The OCEAN model is derived from factor analyses of questionnaires and is hierarchical in that the five factors are derived from the factor analyses of lower order facets. The theoretical context of the model is that traits are situated in a comprehensive model of genetic and environmental causes and contexts.Goldberg based his "Big Five

Personality Traits in the Workplace: The Big Five

1416 words - 6 pages and will cause continual problems in the using it as a tool to increasing employee performance. Nonetheless, a theory namely Big Five has been adopted by majority of the companies because if not being the most correct prediction of the personality traits in relation to employee performance, it has been suggested to be the closest prediction of personality traits in employee performance. Out of the Big Five, scruples is seen as the most

Amanda and the Big Five

952 words - 4 pages The “Big Five” factors are today one of the most-used scales for measuring personality; these factors are conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extraversion. However, despite the widespread use of this scale, it is still debated whether or not it, or any personality test, can truly offer a complete picture of a person. To test this, I will use one of my best friends, Amanda, as an example. The first criterion

Personality: Genetically Inherited or Developed

988 words - 4 pages cultural environment has a significant part in a personality forming. As stated in the Big Five Link “Personality research, like any science, relies on quantifiable concrete data which can be used to examine what people are like. This is where the Big Five plays an important role.” A general assessment of personality isn’t an appropriate technique for psychology and it doesn’t offer the sufficient means for comprehending the distinctive ways in

Similar Essays

The Five Factor Model Of Personality

2064 words - 8 pages basis of Block's argument is that it is uncertain that all important trait-descriptive terms are representatively distributed in language. For instance, collectively suppressed traits might be unrepresented. Another major point is that the Big Five are very broad and might not differentiate accurately enough for practical applications. For example, assigning people to high, middle and low on each of the factors gives 243 personality types

The Nomothetic Approach In Personality Testing

1589 words - 6 pages (16PF). The big five personality traits are based on Cattell's 16 PF. The 16PF Questionnaire is a self-report test that measures the sixteen personality dimensions.Lewis Goldberg proposed a five-dimension personality model, nicknamed the "Big Five": The Big Five consists of five main personality traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism (OCEAN). There are self question tests for the big five and once the

Personality Trait Tests Essay

2092 words - 8 pages . M.& Donovan, J. J. (2000). The Big Five revisited. Personality and job performance. 85 (6), p 869-879. Tett, R.P., Jackson, D.N. & Rothstein, M. (1991). Personality measures as predictors of job performance: A meta-analytic review. Personnel Psychology, 44, 703-742. Wiggins, J.S., & Trapnell, P.D. (1996). A dyadic-interactional perspective on the five factors model. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed), The five factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 88-162). New York: Guilford Press.

Five Factor Model Of Personality. Refers To Theories Of Allport And Oddbert, Mc Adams, Eyesenck, Mischel, Block, Both Costa And Mc Crae, Goldberg And Saucier

2106 words - 8 pages Goldberg and Saucier (1995).The basis of Block's argument is that it is uncertain that all important trait-descriptive termsare representatively distributed in language. For instance, collectively suppressed traits might beunrepresented. Another major point is that the Big Five are very broad and might not differentiateaccurately enough for practical applications. For example, assigning people to high, middle and lowon each of the factors gives 243