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Cause Of Yugoslavia's Revolution Essay

1922 words - 8 pages

Cause of Yugoslavia's Revolution The key terms of the question are the terms 'primordial hatreds' of
the nationalities involved and also the time period that is set, the
1990s. The term primordial is an adjective defined as "existing at or
from the beginning."[1] To address the question I will discuss the way
in which the violent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia was due
to this, and also to the extent that it was caused by other factors
for example the economic collapse as each factor can only present part
of the whole story with the latest conflict being an instalment in the
saga.

Throughout history the Balkans has been a hotbed for conflict, from
the two Balkan wars to one of the factors causing the Great War.
However the disintegration was a war of recognised nations, involving
ethnic Croats; they were in the main protesting the nationalistic
policies of President Trudjman. Ethnic Serbs were opposing Slobodan
Milosevic. The case of Bosnia is slightly more complex with both
ethnic Serbs and ethnic Croats identifying themselves as Bosnians as
opposed to those who saw themselves as Bosnian Serbs or Bosnian
Croats.[2] These nations were members of Yugoslavia, later to become
the independent states of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
Macedonia and Serbia. The participants were all members of the
Yugoslav state and gained recognition as states later, after it's
collapse. It is often described as a "clash of civilisations - between
civilised and barbarian, Western and Balkan."[3]

There are many theories as to the causes of war; International
Relations theory claims multiple sources of conflict, as well as three
casual factors. It is argued that the global system and the problems
at the structural level have an impact. At the point of disintegration
the global power configuration had a massive effect, with the Cold War
helping to preserve Yugoslavia as a united state. It is seen that the
USSR was "negative glue" and the Western ideas and policies of the USA
was argued to be a "positive glue". This is because the USSR was seen
as a threat so therefore it was in everybody's best interests to be
part of a united Yugoslavia under one banner. With the collapse of the
Soviet Union the security threat that it posed had diminished,
undermining Yugoslavia's one-party rule because economic reform was
needed to adapt to the changing climate.

Another theory is that of the state and societal level. Yugoslavia is
an interesting case because other states that had been socialist
experienced a "refolutiuon", why did Yugoslavia have a revolution? To
answer this question one has to look at the state and social level of
the former Yugoslavia.

It had an authoritarian government from 1945 led by Tito. From this
...

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