Teenage depression is a widespread issue, and one that can have damaging effects.
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, it is currently affecting nearly 20% of all adolescents. Teen depression stems from a variety of common causes, often resulting in unhealthy habits and other potentially harmful behavior. The effects caused by teenage depression can lead to minor damage, or to lifetime issues prolonged by mental illness.
Many factors contribute to the appearance of depression in teens, with the vulnerability-stress model has indicating that teens who are affected more than likely have a predisposition to the illness. The intensification of one’s negative mental state can be triggered in various methods, some being typical in setting, and others unique to the individual. School anxiety, social stress, family issues, self image, emerging sexuality and other adversity caused by biological circumstances are all common triggers. Overwhelming school work, peer pressure, a divorce, self loathing towards external physical assets, sexual confusion, or hormo
nal mood shifts are all examples of events that could lead to depression.Other pre-existing physical illness could also contribute to teenage depression, with asthma, sickle cell anemia, irritable bowel syndrome, recurrent abdominal pain, and diabetes mellitus considered high risk. (David Bennett, ‘Depression among children with chronic medical problems’)
Recent statistics have shown an increase in teenage depression particularly in girls. Depression rates triple between the ages of 12 and 15 among adolescent females according to a report from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The report also found that girls ages 12 to 17 are threes times more at risk to experience a major depressive episode. The reasons for this difference can be attributed to the prevalence of feelings of powerlessness, heightened self criticism, fewer coping methods, and less acceptable expression of emotions than their male counterparts. Differences are thought to be caused by differences in societal gender roles. (Feldman, 2007) Males also receive treatment for their depression more often than young women do, though they are less likely to seek help or realize they’re depressed. (National...